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This research page provides links to information, images and iconography of Andean fauna. According to Weberbauer (1945:625-626), there are 22 main cultivars used in the Andean diet.
The list included foreign introduced cultivars, e.g., cafeto, caÒa de az˙car, naranjos.
His chart also indicates the various locations in which these plants are commonly cultivated as: western(W), inter-andean (I) and eastern (E) watershed regions. Elevation (in meters) is important since cultivation can occur at higher elevations in areas where climatic conditions are unusual, such as the presence of Lake Titicaca and its effect on surrounding temperature and humidity conditions.
In the following list, only the cultivars that are indigenous are presented, with their taxa, common name, FAMILY' names, synonyms (most of these names are supplied from MOBOT) and some variations as well as web based resources added to aid researchers in locating images and descriptions of these plants. Other plants, such as hallucinogens, will continue to be added and the author appreciates any suggested additions on plant identification and references for this web resource. These references can help in identification of plant images on artifacts. [Example] Other suggested reading includes: (Bastien 1987; Torres and Repke 2006)


Name Code: [Q.=Quechua; E.=English]


INDEX:
achira
Anadenanthera colubrina
   (Q.= vilca)

aji, capsicum (E.=Chili pepper)
arracacha
camote (E.=sweet potato)
chirimoyo
coca
frijole (E.=bean)
granadilla
jicama, jiquima
l˙cuma
maguey
maize (E.=corn)
manioc
mashua
oca (Q.=tarpuy)
olluco, illaco, ulluco
pacae
papa (E.=potato)
palta (E.=avocado)
piÒa (E.=pineapple)
quinoa

tuna, opuntia
yuca










                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     piÒa (E.=pineapple)
FAMILY NAME:     BROMELIACEAE
Scientific Name:     Ananas sativus
Scientific Name:     Ananassa sativa
Scientific Name:     Bromelia ananas
Scientific Name:     Ananas comosus
W:    --
I:    --
E:    1800 m
W:    --
I:    --
E:    --
W:    --
I:    --
E:    --
Web based References:
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database
    Mark Rieger's Fruit Crop Home page
Iconography:

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     coca
FAMILY NAME:     ERYTHROSYLACEAE
Scientific Name:     Erythroxylum coca
Scientific Name:     Erythroxylum novogranatense
W:    --
I:    --
E:    1800 m
W:    --
I:    --
E:    1550-1900 m
W:    1600 m
I:    1640 m
E:    --
Web based References:
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (.jpg)
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     yuca, manioc
FAMILY NAME:     EUPHORBIACEAE
Scientific Name:     Manihot utilissima
Scientific Name:     Jatropha manihot L.
Scientific Name:     Manihot esculenta
W:    --
I:    --
E:    1500-1600 m
W:    --
I:    2200 m
E:    1700-2000 m
W:    1900-2200 m
I:    2100 m
E:    --
Web based References:
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
yuca-1     Yacovleff & Herrera 1934:Figure 9j-m
yuca-2     Knobloch 2003:Figure WWWAgentsPlants.jpg

See: REFERENCES
Comments:
Edible roots if sweet manioc(if bitter, then must be cooked to remove prussic acids) and leaves and intoxicating drink.


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     palta (E.=avocado)
FAMILY NAME:     LAURACEAE
Scientific Name:     Persea americana
Scientific Name:     Laurus persea
Scientific Name:     Persea drymifolia
Scientific Name:     Persea edulis
Scientific Name:     Persea floccosa
Scientific Name:     Persea gigantea
Scientific Name:     Persea gratissima
Scientific Name:     Persea leiogyna
Scientific Name:     Persea nubigena
Scientific Name:     Persea paucitriplinervia
Scientific Name:     Persea persea
Scientific Name:     Persea steyermarkii
W:    1800 m
I:    --
E:    --
W:    2200 m
I:    2500 m
E:    --
W:   
I:    --
E:    --
Web based References:
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
    New York Botanical Garden
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (.jpg)
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     camote, cumara, (Q.=apichu) (E.=sweet potato)
FAMILY NAME:     CONVOLVULACEAE
Scientific Name:     Ipomoea batatas
Scientific Name:     Aniseia martinicensis
Scientific Name:     Batatas edulis
Scientific Name:     Convolvulus apiculata
Scientific Name:     Convolvulus attenuatus
Scientific Name:     Convolvulus batatas
Scientific Name:     Convolvulus candicans
Scientific Name:     Convolvulus denticulatus
Scientific Name:     Convolvulus edulis
Scientific Name:     Convolvulus esculentus
Scientific Name:     Convolvulus hederaceus
Scientific Name:     Convolvulus tuberosus
Scientific Name:     Convolvulus various
Scientific Name:     Ipomoea confertiflora
Scientific Name:     Ipomoea davidsoniae
Scientific Name:     Ipomoea denticulata
Scientific Name:     Ipomoea edulis
Scientific Name:     Ipomoea fastigiata
Scientific Name:     Ipomoea purpusii
Scientific Name:     Ipomoea setifera
Scientific Name:     Ipomoea vulsa
W:    --
I:    --
E:    --
W:    --
I:    2500 m
E:    --
W:    --
I:    2100 m
E:    1700 m
Web based References:
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group
    New York Botanical Garden's Plant Collections (.jpg)
    New York Botanical Garden's Plant Collections
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     granadilla
FAMILY NAME:     PASSIFLORACEAE
Scientific Name:     Passiflora ligularis
Scientific Name:     Passiflora serratistipula
W:    --
I:    --
E:    2100-2200 m
W:    --
I:    2650 m
E:    --
W:    --
I:    --
E:    --
Web based References:
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
Iconography:

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     chirimoyo
FAMILY NAME:     ANNONACEAE
Scientific Name:     Annona cherimola
Scientific Name:     Annona pubsecens
Scientific Name:     Annona tripetala
W:    2050-2200 m
I:    2800 m
E:    2100 m
W:    2000-600 m
I:    2500-2700 m
E:    --
W:    2100-2300 m
I:    2400-2700 m
E:    --
Web based References:
    University of Connecticut Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Conservatory's Family Index (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (.jpg)
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     pacae
FAMILY NAME:     FABACEAE
Scientific Name:     Inga Feuillei
Scientific Name:     Inga cumingiana
Scientific Name:     Feuilleea feuilleei
W:    2650 m (13'S.Lat.)
I:    2800 m
E:    --
W:    2200 m
I:    2400-2700 m
E:    --
W:    2100 m
I:    2500 m
E:    --
Web based References:
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     l˙cuma, l˙cumo
FAMILY NAME:     SAPOTACEAE
Scientific Name:     L˙cuma obovata
Scientific Name:     Pouteria lucuma
Scientific Name:     Pouteria splendens
W:    --
I:    --
E:    2000 m
W:    2200 m
I:    2400-3000 m
E:    --
W:    2600 m
I:    2000-2650 m
E:    --
Web based References:
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database

    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
l˙cuma-1     Yacovleff & Herrera 1934:Figure 9c

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     maize (E.=corn)
FAMILY NAME:     POACEAE
Scientific Name:     Zea mays
Scientific Name:     Mays americana
Scientific Name:     Mays Zea
Scientific Name:     Mayzea cerealis
Scientific Name:     Zea altissima
Scientific Name:     Zea americana
Scientific Name:     Zea canina
Scientific Name:     Zea erythrolepsis
Scientific Name:     Zea hirta
Scientific Name:     Zea mais
Scientific Name:     Zea maiz
Scientific Name:     Zea mays
Scientific Name:     Zea segetalis
Scientific Name:     Zea vulgaris
W:    3200-3500 m
I:Lake Titicaca  3200-3800 m
E:    3000-3200 m
W:    3200 m
I:    3200-3500 m
E:    --
W:    2900
I:    2600-3300 m
E:    --
Web based References:
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (.jpg)
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
maize-1     Knobloch 2003:Figure WWWAgentsPlants.jpg

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     maguey
FAMILY NAME:     AGAVACEAE
Scientific Name:     Agave americana
Scientific Name:     Agave complicata
Scientific Name:     Agave felina
Scientific Name:     Agave gracilispina
Scientific Name:     Agave melliflua
Scientific Name:     Agave rasconensis
Scientific Name:     Agave subzonata
Scientific Name:     Agave zonata
W:    --
I:    3750 m
E:    --
W:    3400 m
I:    3600 m
E:    --
W:    --
I:    --
E:    --
Web based References:
    University of Connecticut Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Conservatory's Family Index (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (.jpg)
Iconography:

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     quinoa
FAMILY NAME:     CHENOPODIACEAE
Scientific Name:     Chenopodium quinoa
Scientific Name:     Chenopodium canihua
Scientific Name:     Chenopodium hircinum
Scientific Name:     Chenopodium nuttalliae
Scientific Name:     Chenopodium purpurascens
W:    --
I:    4000 m
E:    --
W:    4000 m
I:    4000 m
E:    --
W:    --
I:    --
E:    --
Web based References:
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
quinoa-1     Yacovleff and Herrera 1934:Figure 27c?

See: REFERENCES
Comments:
High protein seed and source of calcium, iron and B vitamins as well as high levels of lysine, an amino acid the body needs to make protein.


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     oca (Q.=tarpuy)
FAMILY NAME:     OXALIDACEAE
Scientific Name:     Oxalis tuberosa
Scientific Name:     Acetosella tuberosa
Scientific Name:     Xanthoxalis tuberosa
Scientific Name:     Acetosella crassicaulis
Scientific Name:     Acetosella crenata
Scientific Name:     Oxalis aracatcha
Scientific Name:     Oxalis arracacha
Scientific Name:     Oxalis chicligastensis
Scientific Name:     Oxalis crassicaulis
Scientific Name:     Oxalis crenata
Scientific Name:     Oxalis melilotoides
Scientific Name:     Xanthoxalis crassicaulis
W:    --
I:    4000 m
E:    --
W:    4000 m
I:    --
E:    --
W:    --
I:    3200 m
E:    --
Web based References:
    Ecocrop (.jpg)
    Plants Database (.jpg)
    USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service's PLANTS Database (.jpg)
    Graham 1993 (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database
    Sperling & King 1990 (.jpg)
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
oca-1     Knobloch 2003:Figure WWWAgentsPlants.jpg
oca-2     Yacovleff and Herrera 1934:Figure 28d

See: REFERENCES
Comments:
Each plant produces about 8 lbs of buff, pink, red or brown colored, nutty flavored tubers; freeze dried for storage, fermented for chicha beer and baked or boiled for immediate consumption. Trifoliate leaves with silvery soft hairs and bright yellow oxalis flowers. Yacovleff and Herrera (1934:308-309) mention the location of oca as limited to the provinces of Collao and central sierra. Thus, the oca depiction on a vessel from Conchopata is not unexpected.


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     papa (E.=potato)
FAMILY NAME:     SOLANACEAE
Scientific Name:     Solanum tuberosum
Scientific Name:     Solanum kesselbrenneri
Scientific Name:     Solanum subandigena
Scientific Name:     Solanum andigenum
W:    3500-3800 m
I:    3800-4200 m
E:    4000 m
W:    4100 m
I:    3800-4100 m
E:    --
W:    3100 m
I:    3200-3500 m
E:    --
Web based References:
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (.jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (.gif)
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
oca-1     Knobloch 2003:Figure WWWAgentsPlants.jpg
oca-2     Yacovleff and Herrera 1934:Figure 28a

See: REFERENCES
Comments:
A cool season crop; 2 pounds of seed potatoes can yield 50 pounds; there are over 100 varieties of potatoes under cultivation today. Colors include white, gray, golden, pink, deep yellow, rich purple-blue.


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     olluco, illaco, ulluco
FAMILY NAME:     BASELLACEAE
Scientific Name:     Ullucus tuberosus
Scientific Name:     Basella tuberosa
Scientific Name:     Melloca peruviana
Scientific Name:     Ullucus kunthii
W:    n/a
I:    3200-3800 m
E:    n/a
W:    n/a
I:    2800-4000 m
E:    n/a
W:    n/a
I:    2800-4000 m
E:    n/a
Web based References:
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (.jpg)
    Sperling & King 1990 (.jpg)
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group (.jpg)
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
olluco     Yacovleff and Herrera 1934:Figure 28b

See: REFERENCES
Comments:
Often freeze dried into chuÒo.


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     mashua, anyu, aÒu, izaÒo
FAMILY NAME:     TROPAELOCACEAE
Scientific Name:     Tropaeolum tuberosum
Scientific Name:     Chymocarpus tuberosus
Scientific Name:     Tropaeloum mucronatum
Scientific Name:     Tropaeolum suberosum
Scientific Name:     Tropaeolum denticulatum
W:    n/a
I:    3200-3800 m
E:    n/a
W:    n/a
I:    n/a
E:    n/a
W:    n/a
I:    n/a
E:    n/a
Web based References:
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database
    Sperling & King 1990 (.jpg)
    Study of glucosinolates from Mashua by R. Quimaraes, K. Momotani, & H. Flores.
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
mashua     Yacovleff and Herrera 1934:Figure 28c

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     tuna
FAMILY NAME:     CACTACEAE
Scientific Name:     Opuntia ficus indica
W:   
I:   
E:   
W:   
I:    2500-3700 m
E:   
W:   
I:    2500-3700 m
E:   
Web based References:
    Denver Botanical Gardens
    USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service's PLANTS Database (.jpg)
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
tuna-1     Yacovleff and Herrera 1934:Figures 39e
tuna-2     Knobloch 2003:Figure WWWAgentsPlants.jpg

See: REFERENCES
Comments:
Drought tolerant; both pads and fruit are edible.


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     A. colubrina (Q.= vilca)
FAMILY NAME:     LEGUMINOSAE/FABACEAE
Scientific Name:     Anadenanthera colubrina
Scientific Name:     Mimosa colubrina
Scientific Name:     Acacia cebil
Scientific Name:     Acacia colubrina
Scientific Name:     Anadenanthera macrocarpa
Scientific Name:     Piptadenia colubrina
Scientific Name:     Piptadenia macrocarpa
W:    1350 m
I:    1300-3000 m
E:   
W:   
I:   
E:   
W:   
I:   
E:(Cusco)    1000-1200 m
Web based References:
    Quillabamba, Cusco
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database (,jpg)
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST: Click on 'Specimen lists and maps' for recorded locations.
    New York Botanical Garden's Plant Collections (.jpg)
    La C·mara de Exportadores de Santa Cruz (CADEX) (.jpg of wood)
    Yacovleff & Herrera 1935:Figure 51
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
A. colubrina-1 (Pucara)     Rowe 1974:Pl.XL     Rowe and Brandel 1969:Fig.4, 66     Ch·vez 1992:Fig.204     Tello 1942:Lam.XXI
A. colubrina-2 (Pucara)     Ch·vez 1992:Fig.203    
A. colubrina-3 (Pucara)     Rowe and Brandel 1969:Fig.5    
A. colubrina-4 (Pucara)     Ch·vez 1992:Fig.210     see Ch·vez 1992:Fig.204, 206a, 209, 213,220
A. colubrina-5 (Conchopata)     Knobloch 2000b:Figure 2    
A. colubrina-6 (Conchopata)     Isbell and Cook 1987:31, upper left    
A. colubrina-7 (Tiwanaku)     Posnansky 1945:Plate XXV, top    
A. colubrina-8 (Tiwanaku)     RydÈn 1947:Figure 147    
A. colubrina-9 (Tiwanaku)     Ponce 1964:Figure 15    
A. colubrina-10 (Tiwanaku)     Posnansky 1945:Insert    
A. colubrina-11 (Pachacamac)     Eisleb and Strelow 1980:Figure 328    
A. colubrina-12 (Cuzco)     San Roman Luna 1983:73, bottom    
A. colubrina-13 (Pisagua)     Conklin 1983:Figure 24    
A. colubrina-14 (San Pedro de Atacama)     Torres 1995:Figure 6    
A. colubrina-15 (textile; no prov.)     Lavalle 1991:76-77    
A. colubrina-16 (textile; no prov.)     Lavalle 1991:cover     Reid 1986:Plate 33
A. colubrina-17 (San Pedro de Atacama)     Torres 2001:Figure 10a, c    
A. colubrina-18 (Ponce Stelae)     Knobloch 2000d:Figure 1         Knobloch 2000d:Figure 2
A. colubrina-19 (Tiwanaku)     Posnansky 1943    
A. colubrina-20 (Pacheco)     Bennett 1954:Figure 82     Menzel 1977:Fig.123; Posnansky 1957:Plate LVIIIa

See: REFERENCES
Comments:
As a hallucinogen, this plant's seeds are ground up as snuff in the southern Bolivian altiplano area and as a drink additive in the central Andean highlands. Known as vilca the Inca used the seed powder in their chicha or maize beer. The wood is water resistance and very hard thereby it provided a good source for staffs in Inca culture. Recently, the plant's iconography was discovered on ritual pottery from the Huari site of Conchopata. Analysis of this iconography led to its identification on numerous ancient artifacts as listed above. Knowledge of its specific design attributes and iconic associations assists in its continuing identity as depicted on very stylized renditions. The primary design attributes are: 1) circled dots, usually two (typically three in Tiwanaku art), at top of the icon representing the spherical flowers; 2) two, symmetrically positioned ovate or rectangular shaped designs with interior lines representing the leaves; 3) oblong or rectangular shape with interior dots representing the seedpods. Secondary design attributes are: 1) at the bottom of the plant's trunk is appended a head, usually encircled by a band of interlocking fret designs. Examples include staffs with the plant at the top and head at the bottom; 2) a small interior triangle (usually) or square placed between the leaf design elements. (Knobloch 2000b) With these known attributes, the plant's ancient antecedents in the Pucara religious iconography can now be identified. Though some artistic ties are obvious among the Pucara, Tiwanaku and Huari cultures, this fully stylized icon on Pucara artifacts suggests that a pan-Andean cult or religion was maintained intact for hundreds of years. With the mythical references Torres (1987, 2001; Torres and Repke 2006) presented regarding vilca, I find the occurrence of A.colubrina icons on avian attendants (P100-7) facing an anthropomorphic icon believed to represent a sun god on the "Gate of the Sun" at Tiwanaku, a possible ancient documentation of the mythical use and association of this plant with a sun deity. For those who could decipher the entire iconographic image, such design elements probably represented a unit of information similar to an ideogram or glyph though without the sentence structure of verbal communication. When this analysis was first presented (an SAA paper made available to many colleagues, Knobloch 1999b), I also mentioned that " A. colubrina is known specifically for inducing the illusion of flyingÖ" and that Huari and Tiwanaku iconography is characterized by mythological animal spirits with wings or with wing symbols illustrated closely to this plant's symbol" thereby suggesting the plants ability to transform a walking entity into one that could also fly. This transformation or ability to both walk and fly was initially presented as a cosmological model of the sun deity accompanied across the sky by mythical attendants that appeared in the night sky represented by constellations. (see ArtisansoftheRealm.html .)


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     achira
FAMILY NAME:     CANNACEAE
Scientific Name:     Canna indica
Scientific Name:     Canna coccinea Mill.
Scientific Name:     C. speciosa Herb. ex Sims
Scientific Name:     C. variabilis Willd.
W:   
I:   
E:   
W:   
I:   
E:   
W:   
I:   
E:   
Web based References:
    Centro Internacional de la Papa
    Plants Database
    Texas A&M University's Bioinformatics Working Group
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
achira     Yacovleff & Herrera 1934:Figure 30f

See: 
REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     aji, capsicum (E.=Chili pepper)
FAMILY NAME:     SOLANACEAE
Scientific Name:     Capsicum annuum
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Web based References:
    Plants Database
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
aji     Yacovleff & Herrera 1934:Figure 13o-p

See: 
REFERENCES
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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     jicama, jiquima
FAMILY NAME:     FABACEAE
Scientific Name:     Pachyrhizus tuberosa subsp. Erosus
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Web based References:
    Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) Nomenclatural Database
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
Iconography:
jiquima-1     Yacovleff and Herrera 1934:Figures 14c-f, h-j

See: REFERENCES
Comments:


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                  TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     frijole (E.=bean)
FAMILY NAME:     FABACEAE
Scientific Name:     Phaseolus vulgaris
Scientific Name:     Phaseolus aborigineus Burkart
Scientific Name:     Phaseolus communis Pritzel
Scientific Name:     Phaseolus esculentus Salisb.
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Web based References:
    Field Museum's Neotropical Herbarium Specimens
   
Iconography:
frijole     Yacovleff & Herrera 1934:Figure 16a, b, j. l. p

See: 
REFERENCES
Comments:


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Created by: Dr. Patricia J. Knobloch    
Last Updated:     November 13, 2015
Copyright © 2002 Patricia Jean Knobloch, 9229 Dillon Drive, La Mesa, CA 91941