WHO WHAT WHERE WHEN WHY References

Contact

Home
Bird Iconography includes the identification of natural birds and not the supernatural traits of wings as often found on composite anthropomorphic/zoomorphic imagery.
Other suggested reading includes: Clements and Shany 2001; De La PeÒa and Rumboll 1998

Name Code: [Q.=Quechua; E.=English]


INDEX:
Crested Eagle
Harpy Eagle
Magellan's Eagle Owl
Magellanic Owl
Stygian Owl

















                   TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     Crested Eagle
FAMILY NAME:     Accipitridae
Scientific Name:     Morphnus guianensis
W:    --
I:    --
E:    tropical/subtropical
W:    --
I:    --
E:    to 600 m
W:    E. Guatamala to
I:    NE Argentina
E:    & Brazil
Web based References:
    Avibase
    American Bald Eagle Information
    University of North Carolina - Charlotte, Depart. Of Biology
Iconography:
Crested Eagle-1     Knobloch 2000b: fig.11
See: REFERENCES
Comments:
Image found on large urn fragments associated with an image of a Wari elite. Quote: "Such raptors are assumed to represent symbolic power. These raptors were depicted with large, robust bodies, stout legs with large talons, heavy beaks, beady eyes, distinctive yellow ceres, and feather colorations. James Clements, ornithologist and President of the Board of Trustee at the San Diego Natural History Museum, was able to identify these images as the Crested Eagles (Morphnus guianensis). He also commented that the crest was not drawn as in illustrated handbooks (De La PeÒa and Rumboll 1998: Plate 24) due to the normal behavior of these eagles. The crest only appears when the eagle is started (James Clements, personal communication 1999). I suggest that the Wari artist painted an unalarmed pose of Crested Eagles due to taming. In other words, they were controllable. With this person's image positioned next to a deity, his elite dress, the clever use of a miror for ritual effect, the possible control of powerful raptors, and the association with the hallucinogenic plant icon on chicha urns, I argue that this person was a Wari priest (Knobloch 2000b: 399-400).
                   TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     Harpy Eagle
FAMILY NAME:     Accipitridae
Scientific Name:     Harpia harpyja
W:    --
I:    --
E:    tropical/subtropical
W:    --
I:    --
E:    to 600 m
W:    Central America to
I:    NE Argentina
E:    & Brazil
Web based References:
    Avibase
    Wikipedia
    Iwokrama Forest
    Blue Planet Biomes
    Jungle Photos: Amazon Photos
    Kawa, Japan
Iconography:
Owl/Eagle-1     ChavÈz 1992: 225-231, fig. 197a
See: REFERENCES
Comments:
Please see "Owl or Eagle?" for discussion.
                   TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     Magellan's Eagle Owl
FAMILY NAME:     Strigidae
Scientific Name:     Bubo virginianus nacurutu
W:    --
I:    2500 - 4500 m
E:   
W:    --
I:    2500 - 4500 m
E:    --
W:    --
I:    2500 - 4500 m
E:    --
Web based References:
    Owl Pages
    Owl Pages: nacurutu
    World Owl Trust
    National Birds of Prey Trust
Iconography:
Owl/Eagle-1     ChavÈz 1992: 225-231, fig. 197a
See: REFERENCES
Comments:
Please see "Owl or Eagle?" for discussion.
                   TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     Magellanic Owl / Magellan Horned Owl
FAMILY NAME:     Strigidae
Scientific Name:     Bubo magellanicus
W:    0 - 4000
I:    0 - 4000
E:    0 - 4000
W:    --
I:    3000 - 4000
E:    --
W:    0
I:    0
E:    0
Web based References:
    Owl Pages
    Screech Owl Sanctuary
    Furness Owls
    Kamoltd
Iconography:
Owl/Eagle-1     ChavÈz 1992: 225-231, fig. 197a
See: REFERENCES
Comments:
Please see "Owl or Eagle?" for discussion.
                   TAXA: Southern Andes Central Andes Northern Andes
Common Name:     Stygian Owl
FAMILY NAME:     Strigidae
Scientific Name:     Asio stygius stygius
W:    --
I:    --
E:   
W:    --
I:    --
E:    700 - 3000
W:    --
I:    --
E:    --
Web based References:
    Owl Pages
    Owls of the Western Hemisphere (Dynamic Planet)
Iconography:
Owl/Eagle-1     ChavÈz 1992: 225-231, fig. 197a
See: REFERENCES
Comments:
Please see "Owl or Eagle?" for discussion.
Created by: Dr. Patricia J. Knobloch    
Last Updated:     November 13, 2015
Copyright © 2002 Patricia Jean Knobloch, 9229 Dillon Drive, La Mesa, CA 91941