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Who lived during the Middle Horizon?
This database catalogs human imagery that provides evidence for 'Agent Analysis'. An ancient human image can represent the agency of a single individual or possible social group, thus, the term 'agent' allows ambiguity of exact identification.
The first three numbers represent the database's catalog number for each agent.
The appended dash number represents an artifact example of the agent.
Though rare, artifact copies are then numbered.
For provenienced artifacts, locations are mapped and represent the ancient recognition of each agent's existence.
A black and white composite drawing of the head reflects the Robles Moqo style face-neck jars.

For publications on ‘Agent Analysis' please refer to:
Knobloch, Patricia J.
2010 La imagen de los Señores de Huari y la recuperación de una identidad antigua.
In: Señores de los Imperios del Sol, edited by Krzysztof Makowski, pp.196-209. Lima: Banco de Crédito.
[English Translation]
2016 La vida y los tiempos de El Señor Wari de Vilcabamba: cronología e identidad del Agente 103 en el imperio Wari durante el Horizonte Medio.
In: Nuevas Perspectivas en la Organizacíon Política Wari, edited by Miłosz Giersz y Krzysztof Makowski. Andes: Boletín del Centro de Estudios Precolombinos de la Universidad de Varsovia 9 (2013): 91-119.
[Contact author for English draft.]


AGENTS:
    100     105     110     115     120     125     130     135     140    145    150
    101     106     111     116     121     126     131     136     141    146    151
    102     107     112     117     122     127     132     137     142    147    152
    103     108     113     118     123     128     133     138     143    148    153
    104     109     114     119     124     129     134     139     144    149    154

Agents as Miniature Figurines:
Starting at Agent 300, the following images are rendered in stone and metal and some shell. The list begins with two collections of stone figurines found at Pikillacta (Cusco region) nearly a century ago and then consists of as many known examples found in various Peruvian locations, culminating with the recent excavations at Pikillacta that contribute many metal and shell renditions. Several stone figurines have round or bulbous headgear, such as Agents 303, 312, 317, 326, 342, 345, 349, etc. This type of headdress may indicate ethnic groups within the Tiwanaku culture (Berenguer 2000:66 (3 figures right), 69 (figure bottom left), 70 (2 figures bottom left), 91(figure bottom right); 92-93) (Kolata 2003:Figure 11.10 with nose spool). Valcárcel (1933) identified several other ethnic identities of these figurines. Their presence at Pikillaqta may represent the Wari use of figurines to inventory and identify neighboring groups. Thus, these figurines were likely used as economic management tools, i.e., to mark trading partners or identify tribute participants as the Wari were manufacturing and distributing them around the Wari empire. In otherwords, I suggest that they did not represent Wari's dead ancestors. James Whitley (2002) makes the insightful suggestion that too often speculations about human representations as ancestors "should cease to be the interpretation of first resort."
(see synopsis, 'Wari Miniature Figurines')
    300     310     320     330     340     350     360         370     380     390     400     410    
    301     311     321     331     341     351     361         371     381     391     401     411    
    302     312     322     332     342     352     362         372     382     392     402     412    
    303     313     323     333     343     353     363         373     383     393     403     413    
    304     314     324     334     344     354     364         374     384     394     404     414    
    305     315     325     335     345     355     365         375     385     395     405     415    
    306     316     326     336     346     356     366         376     386     396     406     416    
    307     317     327     337     347     357     367         377     387     397     407     417    
    308     318     328     338     348     358     368         378     388     398     408     418    
    309     319     329     339     349     359     369         379     389     399     409     419    

AGENT: 100
Probably the most common image found due to replication on Pacheco face-neck jars and numerous examples on artifacts otherthan ceramics. The extensive distribution of Agent 100 indicates a Wari person with high social status and recognition. There are two variations of 100-1 on the Ica tapestry textile discovered by Max Uhle at Ocucaje Site E. (see Hearst 4-4556) The relationship suggests two generations of Agent 100 that slightly modified facial identification marks. This remarkable textile has great potential for documenting an extensive history of social interaction between highland Huari and south coast populations.
The 1997 Conchopata excavations produced a version, Agent 100-7, with bow and arrows while kneeling on a curved up pad. The pad is suggested to be a reed boat. The relatively small size of the bow suggests that the weapon may be more symbolic of hunting rather than warfare even to the possibility that Agent 100 is on a religious quest and hunting in a spirit world. Otherwise, Ochatoma and Cabrera (2002) suggest a warrior theme as a possibility.

On Epoch 2 examples Agents 100-8 and 100-9 wear a 4-cornered hat. For more information on these hats and how to make the Wari version that adds pile threads see: 4-Cornered Pile Hats
MAP
REFERENCES:
100-1     Ocucaje site, Ica Valley     Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-4556 ;    Knobloch 2002 photo ;    Uhle 1913:Fig.4 ;    Menzel 1977:Fig.130 ;    Knobloch 1989:Fig.15 ;    Kaulicke 1998:262
100-2 (copy 1)     Pacheco site, Rio Nasca     Tello 1942:Lam.XXIII right ;    Spielvogel 1955:Plate XCIV, photo 2 ;    Ubbelohde-Doering 1967:201
100-2 (copy 2)     Pacheco site, Rio Nasca     Von Hagen 1968:128
100-2 (copy 3)     Pacheco site, Rio Nasca     Lumbreras 1969:243
100-2 (copy 4)     Pacheco site, Rio Nasca     Ubbelohde-Doering 1927:Abb.9 ;    Spielvogel 1955:Plate XCIV, photo 1 ;    Art Institute Chicago
100-2 (copy 5)     Pacheco site, Rio Nasca     Morell 2002:125
100-2 (copy 6)     Pacheco site, Rio Nasca     Ubbelohde-Doering 1952:Fig.109
100-3     No provenience     Cleveland Museum of Art 2011.35 ;    Bergh and Jennings 2012:Fig.18;    Lapiner 1976:572
100-4     Azangaro site, Ayacucho     Anders 1986:Fig.7.56a
100-5     Vista Alegre site, Rimac Valley     Schaedel 1957:Fig.E
100-6     Huaca Malena site, Asia Valley     Angeles y Pozzi-Escot 2001:Fig.10A y 10B, lower left
100-7     Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 2000c ;    Isbell 2000:Fig.26, left ;    Ochatoma and Cabrera 2002:Fig.8.5A-C
100-8     Wilkawain site, Huaraz     Bennett 1946:Fig.10F
100-9     Anja site, Jauja, Mantaro Valley    Anton 1962:113 ;    Spielvogel 1955:Plate XCIII, photo 1 ;    Kubler 1975:184 ;    Anton 1972:Fig.205 ;    Anton and Dockstader 1968:Fig.205
100-10     Huari site, Ayacucho     Wagner 1981:Fig.A10B
100-11     No provenience     Larco Hoyle 1966:Fig.116 (Museo Amano, Lima) ;    Kaufman Doig 1976:234 ;    Stierlin 1984:135 ;    LaFarge 1981:93
100-12     Huari site, Ayacucho     Bennett 1953:Fig.21K
100-13     No provenience     Private collection    Lavalle 1989:cover ;    Reid 1986:Plate 33
100-14     Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Isbell and Cook 2002:Fig.9.13     Knobloch 1999
100-15     Conchopata site, Ayacucho     José Ochatoma and Martha Cabrera, field photos>
100-16     Cajamarca area     private collection     Watanabe 2001:Fig.4
100-17     Huari site, Ayacucho     Brewster-Wray 1990:Fig. 78, lower left
100-18     Jincamocco site, Cabana     Photos courtesy of Katharina J. Schreiber
100-19     San Jose de Moro site, Jequetepeque Valley    Castillo 2001:Fig.15, lower right, face sherd
100-20     Huari site, Ayacucho     Bennett 1953:Plate 6G (tunic pattern matches 100-9)
100-21     Yarcok site, Callejon de Huaylas    Photos courtesy of Victor Ponte;     see also: Ponte 2001:Fig.24
       
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AGENT: 101
There are several agents that display 'tear bands': a cheek design that represents a band attached to the lower eyelid. Agent 101's tearband is embedded with X's and the band may continue onto the forehead. In some examples the X may appear like + though most likely due to the artisan's skill. This agent appears in high status depictions and is most commonly recognized in the Ayacucho basin area. Agent 101's four cornered hat does not have a headband of diamond shapes and always displays tassels.
For more information on these hats and how to make the Wari version that adds pile threads see: 4-Cornered Pile Hats

Agent 101-1's confrontational stance on the Ica textile in facing Agent 100-1, would suggest a power struggle that coalesced into a possible Wari federation of ethnically distinct groups. (see Hearst 4-4556)
On an exquisitely detailed jar, Agents 101-6, 132-1 and 137-1 are depicted with various cultivars. This association suggests that these agents may have overseen the planting and harvesting of the plants. Several plants occur at distinct elevations or environmental niches such as yuca, maize and potatoes. The agents may represent diverse communities whose association with the cultivars suggests economic cooperation among distinct groups thereby supporting a Wari political system. The depiction of yuca (manioc) is particularly curious in that its area of cultivation would be in the eastern slopes of the Andes. However Isbell (1977:10) and Anders (1986:56) mention possible trade routes from Jargampata and Azangaro, respectively, into the ceja de selva region. The identification of the oca and tuna are based on similar observations by Yacovleff and Herrera (1934:308, 321, respectively).
Agent 101-7's depiction on Conchopata urns suggested that he was a powerful leader (Knobloch 2000b:Fig.10, 11) utilizing shamanistic tools (such a mirror to reflect and control the sun's rays) to acquire high status.
Agent 101-16 is depicted three times on a jar that may indicate that this agent represents several individuals with the same socio-ethnic identity. This vessel is very similar to 101-6 in size, shape pigmentation, and design structure as well as the obvious depiction of three individuals with molded heads. Moreover he wears a tunic described by Susan Bergh's (1999:796-811) "profile creature", Type 02. Of the 8 examples, two were from Las Trancas (Nasca region) and one from Huanca Sancos caves (Province of Cangallo). A mummy also wears this type of tunic in the Locarí grave (Nasca region) dated by Menzel (1964:25) as Epoch 1B based on associated pottery. No four-cornered hats were recovered from the grave however.
Agent 101-18 was depicted on a bottle found at the Castillo de Huarmey wearing a tie-dye tunic, conical hat and sitting on a reed boat associated with a "ventral animal" and "killer whale ventral animal version" derived from Chakipampa style - though this bottle most likely represents Viñaque Epoch 2 pottery.
Agent 101-19 has been depicted on a textile from Huaca Malena, Asia Valley as a prisoner of a Profile Deity similar to Menzel's (1977:Fig.66) 'Walking Angel' from Tello's Conchopata style urns (Spielvogel 1955:Plate 21, Figs.2a,b).
MAP
REFERENCES:
101-1    Ocucaje site, Ica Valley     Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-4556 ;    Knobloch 2002 photo ;    Uhle 1913:Fig.4 ;    Menzel 1977:Fig.130 ;    Knobloch 1989:Fig.15 ;    Kaulicke 1998:262
101-2    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 212890 ;   Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photo;    Bennett 1953:Pl.8A,B
101-3    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 211271 ;   Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photo;    Bennett 1953:Fig.15D ;    Spielvogel 1955:Plate XLIII, photo 1 ;    Spielvogel 1955:Plate XLIII, photo 2
101-4    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 2000c ;    Knobloch 2000b:Fig.10b ;   Ochatoma and Cabrera 2002:232, Fig.8.6     combined with: reconstruction from sherds (William H. Isbell photos)
101-5    Huari site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1999/2000
101-6    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Laboratorio de Arqueología, Universidad Nacional de San Cristóbal de Huamanga Knobloch 2000c photo
101-7    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 2009 ;    Knobloch 2000b:Fig.10a
101-8    Trancas valley site, Nasca     Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-9601;   Knobloch 1988-2002 photo ;    O'Neale and Kroeber 1930:Pl.14b,c ;    Spielvogel 1955:Plate XLIII, photo 3
101-9    Huari site, Ayacucho     Benavides 1983:Lam.XXIc
101-10    No provenience     Private collection    Benavides 1999:Lam.4
101-11    Huari site, Ayacucho     Private collection ;    William H. Isbell photo ;   Jennings 2010:Fig.1.2B
101-12    No provenience     Brooklyn Museum of Fine Arts (53.147) 1961:Fig.286
101-13    Huari site, Ayacucho     Lumbreras 1959:Lam.8E
101-14    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 212786;   Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photo; ;    Spielvogel 1955:Plate XLIII, photo 1 ;    Spielvogel 1955:Plate XLIII, photo 2
101-15    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 212816;   Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photo;     Spielvogel 1955:Plate CII, photo 4
101-16    No provenience     Milwaukee Public Museum 2003;     Anton and Dockstader 1968:Fig.206
101-17    No provenience     Museo de Americas (Madrid, Spain). Search museum site by 08592
101-18    Castillo de Huarmey site, Huarmey Valley    Giersz, et al 2014:138-139 Figure on a reed boat
101-19    Huaca Malena site, Asia Valley    Angeles y Pozzi-Escot 2001:Fig.9A-9B
101-20    No provenience     Private collection    Banco de Crédito del Perú 1984:233, Fig. 538, textile
101-21    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     William H. Isbell, field drawing. conical "plug" ceramic object (EA105, Locus 2095, HE1845, No.397)
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AGENT: 102
This agent is one the earliest Wari depictions. Sherds from effigy jars depicting Agent 102 were found in the 1977 Huari excavation dating back to Middle Horizon Epoch 1 (102-1, 2, 3). Early effigy jars are simple face-neck vessels with round body. The facial features of Agent 102 usually include black hair, black bangs, black sideburns, chevron headband and rectangular motifs known here as 'tocapus' on the cheeks. These motifs are similar to those painted on the interior of open bowls in the Ocros and Chakipampa style pottery known as 'pendent rectangles' because the motif is attached to and appears to hang from the rim band of such vessels. I suggest that these rectangular motifs are ethnic markers and may be precursors to Inca style tocapu squares used to designate known populations in the Inca Empire as often depicted by textiles. For examples of Wari tocapus see: http://whowaswhowari.sdsu.edu/WWWTocapus.html.
From an offering, Agent 102-4 is depicted on 27 oversize, effigy jars in the Chakipampa 1B style. Wari Tocapu 101 was painted on the cheeks. From the neck down about two-thirds of the body of the vessels were demarcated into two or three panels by wide bands within which were painted various motifs, often including two stylized hands as rectangles with five bands as fingers projecting upward.
From another offering, Agetn 102-5 is depicted on 23 oversize effigy jars that were salvaged from a municipal pipeline trench. The vessels' face-neck depictions varied in the facial features, some with cheek motifs and dotted beard, but all with the chevron headband. Here, Agent 102-5 represents a group ethnicity. Based on the vessels' shoulder design, this group of Agent 102s wore short tunics depicting humpback animals (most likely a stylized feline) similar in style to those on textiles from the coastal area of the Nievería culture. The barrel shaped body of these vessels were painted with two complex themes. A few had an upside-down U-shape motif surrounded by stylized versions of the ventral animal (Knobloch 2012:Fig.96, errata (Epoch 1B)). Most depicted one staff god standing on a pedestal with two rows of stylized versions of profile deities facing in opposite directions that filled in the remaining exterior wall. I discovered that the staff god was remarkably similar to its depiction on the back of the Ponce Statue at Tiwanaku, thereby adding to the integrity of the Southern Andean Iconographic Series (Isbell and Knobloch 2009). Agent 102 may represent the ethnic identity of individuals who developed the new religious cult in its early proselytizing phase as it spread between these distant areas.
Even though evidence suggests many generations of social interaction between central highland Huarpa and south coast Nasca populations, this Epoch 1B agent has not yet been found depicted on Wari style pottery from the south coast. It does appear on an Epoch 2 textile from the Ica Valley (102-6), but only as a profile face among several other agent profile faces that may narrate ethnic identities forming a social bond. As profile faces these agents are secondary figures to the two full bodied agents that dominate the textile's imagery (100-1 and 101-1). The images were symmetrically arranged to face in each other in a confrontational scenario. The size distinction may represent a temporal dimenstion to the textile's narrative with important personages along the top who had earlier formed two separate allegiances to one or the other of the two full bodied agents.
Agent 102-8 is a stylized version that combines early Huarpa facial technique, Nasca vessel shape and early Chakipampa style motifs. Found in Chimbote, it may have been brought there during modern times (c1900) for sale since there is no record of in situ discovery. (see Hearst 4-4556 for detailed agent identification)
MAP
REFERENCES:
102-1    Huari site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1983:Plate 59c, St.22
102-2    Huari site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1983:Plate 59a, St.5
102-3    Huari site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1983:Plate 59b, St.4
102-4 (27 copies)    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Example A, Example B, Example C. Knobloch 2015, lab photos.     Isbell and Cook 2002:Fig.9.18 ;    Isbell and Cook 2002:Fig.9.19
102-5 (23 copies)    Conchopata site, Ayacucho    Knobloch, in press (Reconstruction) ;    Isbell and Cook 1987:32, upper left ;    Isbell 2000:Fig.13
102-6    Ocucaje site, Ica Valley    Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-4556 ;    Knobloch 2003 photo;    Uhle 1913:Fig.4 ;    Menzel 1977:Fig.130 ;    Knobloch 1989:Fig.15 ;    Kaulicke 1998:262
102-7    Huari site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1999/2000
102-8    Chimbote area     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 13692     Knobloch 1985 photo, collected by Bolivar in 1900
102-9    Huari site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1977 (bands painted horizontally)
102-10    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 211696 ;   Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photo; ;   Bennett 1953:Fig.21Q, Pit8E (bands painted horizontally)
101-11    Huari site, Ayacucho     Private collection. Jennings 2010:Fig.1.2B Photo by William H. Isbell
102-12    Pachacamac site, Lima     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49531     Knobloch 1985 photo ;    Knobloch 1989:Fig.16
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AGENT: 103
This agent is usually associated with Agents 108 or 117 at central and south central coast proveniences. The face is divided into four equal quadrants of two colors. The headdress is a black cap that usually includes a central 'top knot'. Small, white squares with two tiny black dots along one edge frame the face and occur on the agent's black tunic. These represent silver sequins sewn onto cloth. On a lyre cup excavated at Huari, Agent 103-6 is a captive with another captive Agent 141-1 that suggests an enemy to Wari politics.
As a profile head, Agent 103-7 occurs on oversize Conchopata urns with several other agents (108, 109,123,124,125) all depicted with their tongues hanging out that most likely indicates strangulation. (On a depiction of Agent 112-2 a bodiless head with its tongue hanging out suggests a trophy head - See Ochatoma and Cabrera 2002:Fig.8.11B). As with Agents 102, 103 and 106, this agent's involvement in Wari political history is also documented on the Ica tapestry showing his allegiance to Agent 100. (see Hearst 4-4556)
The most recent discovery of a Wari site at Espíritu Pampa by archaeologist, Javier Fonseca, provides profound evidence of this agent's (or agents') prestigious role in Wari society. His depiction on Huari (103-6, 103-21) and Conchopata ceramics (103-7) as a captive or possibly decapitated victim may indicate that he and his people were enemies of those rulers at Huari during the initial expansion of the empire. His depictions on Epoch 2 artifacts (also from Huari 103-12, 103-13) and the presence of Epoch 2 Wari style pottery and cult related gold and silver accessories found within a burial at Espíritu Pampa would suggest a later established allegiance of these people with Wari leadership (103-10, 103-11). Besides two vessels that depict this agent, hundreds of silver sequins were found in the burial - each with two pin holes for sewing onto a textile - that are most likely represented by the small white squares with two small black dots that adorn the tunic images of Agent 103. Thus the "Señor de Vilcabamba" (also known as Señor Wari) may have worn a tunic similar to those on full-body depictions of Agent 103.
Another recently discovered trove of gold and silver adornments and implements was discovered at Cutervo near Cajamarca. Among the items is a rectangular, silver plaque (not much bigger than a legal size sheet of paper) with bent lines down the middle and across the corners. In the middle of each half is an identical three dimensional head of Agent 103. On both, the square sequins with the two holes at one edge are arranged in a band that runs across the forehead, sides and under the chin. The top of the round cap has an extra small cap that most likely represents the central top knot as seen in Agent 103-6, 7, 13. The appearance of two images of Agent 103 suggests a possibility of twin brothers, yet Andean cosmology is replete with concepts of duality of objects and images.The entire trove is reminscent of the Espíritu Pampa collection and provides crucial information on the prestige of Wari elites and their agency of governing in distant regions of the empire.
The current photos also depict a circular, silver disc with half-spherical, gold baubles set on top to cover the repoussé circles of the disc. The disc is identical to the pectoral disc worn by Agent 154-1 and very similar to one found at Espíritu Pampa (Isbell 2016:Fig. 27A). The gold baubles do not belong to the disc. They have tiny holes for threading and were most likely attached to a textile (tunic) similar to the sequins related to El Señor Wari de Vilcamba (see reference below).
The presence of Agent 103 at San Jose de Moro (103-8), El Palacio (103-23) and Cutervo (103-22) certainly indicates a strategic area of influence if not control by this elite in the far north. Agent 103-23 is a beautiful depiction of the sequined headdress.
For a detailed discussion of this Agent 103 refer to:
Knobloch, Patricia J. 2016 La vida y los tiempos de El Señor Wari de Vilcabamba: cronología e identidad del Agente 103 en el imperio Wari durante el Horizonte Medio. In: Nuevas Perspectivas en la Organizacíon Política Wari edited by Miłosz Giersz y Krzysztof Makowski.Andes: Boletín del Centro de Estudios Precolombinos de la Universidad de Varsovia 9 (2016): 91-119. Contact author for English draft.
MAP
REFERENCES:
103-1    Ocucaje site, Ica Valley     Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-4556    Knobloch 2002 photo ;    Uhle 1913:Fig.4 ;    Menzel 1977:Fig.130 ;    Knobloch 1989:Fig.15 ;    Kaulicke 1998:262 (tapestry)
103-2    south central sierra (Huancayo region)     Menzel 1968:Fig.46 (vertical sided dish) (Gálvez Durand collection, Gran Unidad Escolar Santa Isabel, Huancayo)
103-3    No provenience     Anton and Dockstader 1979:Fig.211 (flask)
103-4    Pachacamac site, Lima     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49191     Knobloch 1985 photo (tumbler from Pachacamac with Agent 117)
103-5    Chimu Capac site, Supe Valley     Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-7700 ;    Knobloch 1988 photo (textile from Chimu Capac with Agent 108)
103-6    Huari site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1999/2000 (photo of lyre cup);     drawing of lyre cup based on photo (Knobloch 1999/2000) and drawing by Pérez Calderón (1999:75).
103-7    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Kaulicke and Isbell 2001:cover (oversize urns);     Knobloch 1999
103-8    San Jose de Moro site, Jequetepeque Valley     Castillo 2000:Fig.14, second row, right; Fig.15 bottom, left from San Jose de Moro with Agent 117 (lyre cup/vertical sided cup)
103-9    No provenience     Larco Hoyle 1966:Fig.88 (Epoch 2 Atarco double-chambered bottle)
103-10    Espíritu Pampa site, Vilcabamba     Cusco exhibit of "Señor de Wari" "Señor Wari" or "Señor de Vilcabamba" (full bodied on face-neck bottle)
103-11    Espíritu Pampa site, Vilcabamba     Cusco exhibit of "Señor de Wari" "Señor Wari" or "Señor de Vilcabamba" (profile face on body of bottle)
103-12    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 211838.Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photo
103-13    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 212446.Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photo
103-14    No provenience     Museum of Fine Arts, tapestry panel 1996.50;     MFA tapestry panel 1996.50 on WWW website
103-15    Nasca region     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 50915     Knobloch 1985 photo Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin V A 47772 (single spout, effigy bottle)
103-16    Nasca region     Museo Larco, Catálogo en Línea, ML035565 (lyre cup)
103-17    Nasca region     Museo Larco, Catálogo en Línea, ML010484 (lyre cup)
103-18    No provenience     Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino - MCHAP 0299 (doublespout bottle)
103-19    Pachacamac site, Lima     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49138     Knobloch 1985 photo (diverging straight sided bowl)
103-20    No provenience     Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú, Lima (lyre cup with Agent 117);    Knobloch 2010:204, Fig. 13
103-21    Huari site, Ayacucho     Tung 2012:190, Fig.6.20 (Monqachayoq sector, Photo by José Ochatoma)
103-22    Cutervo site, Cajamarca     La Republica article
103-23    El Palacio, Cajamarca     Watanabe 2016:Fig.16
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AGENT: 104
This agent's distinctive headdress may have evolved from the rayed face common in Nasca iconography. Though depicted on several artifacts listed below, unfortunately, none are known to have a provenience. The textile depictions would most likely have had coastal proveniences and together with the absence on artifacts found in the Ayacucho area of Wari's heartland Agent 104 may have represented a coastal population.
As a captive on four highly crafted artifacts and warrior on three more, Agent 104 was given a prestigious amount of recognition that documented heroic accomplishments and defeat.
Agents 104-3, 104-6, and 104-8 appear as captives of Wari Profile Deities (of which there are many).
Perhaps this Agent was in direct conflict with Wari politico-religious intrusion into coastal areas rather than as a counter-offensive antagonist attacking the Wari in the Ayacucho area.
MAP
REFERENCES:
104-1    No provenience     Harcourt 1924:42, top right (as warrior with shield)
104-2    No provenience     Brooklyn Museum, NY, Fank L. Babbott Fund, 53.147 (profile head) ;   Knobloch 2010:Fig.19 ;    Bergh 2012:272, Fig.99
104-3    No provenience     Private collection   Lapiner 1976:Fig.580, 581 (as captive of a profile deity)
104-4    No provenience     Clados (accessed 2016):Tocapu.org PicID000567 (as captive of Agent 154-3)     Stuhr 2008: Fig. 63
104-5    No provenience     Private collection   Lumbreras 2000:21;     Isbell 2000b:frontispiece ;   Knobloch 2011:Fig.14 (Enrico Poli Museum) (as warrior grasping a captive)
104-6    No provenience     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 66393 (as captive of a profile deity);    Bergh 1999:Fig.86, bottom;     Knobloch 2010:209, Fig.21 (partially on far right edge; incorrect image was published)
104-7    No provenience     Schindler 2000:162, Fig - N.M. 014 (as warrior with shield)
104-8    No provenience     Private collection     Knobloch 2010:207, Fig.17, first captive agent in from top left corner (as captive of a profile deity)     Closeup
104-9    No provenience     Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University, Quick Search use: 42-28-30/4485     profile head of Agent 104 with voice ray ending in feline head
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AGENT: 105
Apparently a coastal based Agent with possible ancestry among the Nasca who produced effigy jars depicting a similar headdress with two extended horn-like knobs (105-6, 105-7). Copies of Agent 105-2 were assigned to the Atarco style though these urns retain Robles Moqo features of modeling (Menzel 1964:50, ftnt. 303).
In association with Agents 104 and 107, Agent 105 appears to be the one in command. (see Zuidema 1972 for 4analysis). As a warrior with axe, bow and arrow, one vessel depicts Agent 105-3 with supernatural traits of split eyes and gaping animal mouth. Agent 105 has not been found on artifacts from Wari heartland and probably did battle on the south coast.
MAP
REFERENCES:
105-1     No provenience     Spielvogel 1955:Plate XCIII, photo 3
105-2 (copy 1)    No provenience     Anton 1962:Fig.107
105-2 (copy 2)    No provenience     Flagel 1929:Planche I ;    Kelemen 1946:Pl.164a
105-2 (copy 3)    No provenience     Museo Regional de Ica "Adolfo Bermudez Jenkins", MRI-00178-01;    Zuidema 1972:Fig.2,3 ;    Salazar Bondy 1964:32 (back only) ;    Lumbreras 1990:204;     Larco Hoyle 1966:Fig.106;     Knobloch 2010:206, Fig.15
105-3    No provenience     Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino - MCHAP 0470 (effigy jar);     Lavalle 1984:145 ;    Lumbreras 1974:Fig.166 ;    Lumbreras 1990:218
105-4    Pacheco site, Nasca     Tello 1942:Lam.XVI, lower right    Ubbelohde-Doering 1927:Abb.10,11 ;    Spielvogel 1955:Plate XCVIII, photos 2, 3 (double chambered vessel)
105-5    No provenience     Lapiner 1976:234, Fig.539.
105-6    Nasca region     Lapiner 1976:205, Fig.487 (5th vessel).
105-7    Nasca region     Lumbreras 1974:130, Fig.138, lower right effigy vessel
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AGENT: 106
There are several agents that display 'tear bands': a cheek design that represents a band attached to the lower eyelid. The wearing of an animal headdress is usually reserved for those participating in spiritual guidance or shaman rituals. Such a role could occur in multiple cultural groups. Thus this agent may represent different ethnicities or a single, prestigious traveling shaman. The latter is supported by the depiction of this agent on the Ica textile within a row of agents that may document a social status equivalent to the others depicted in that row. (see Hearst 4-4556)
Though there are Moche images of individuals with "fox" headdresses, a Nasca antecedent is more likely (106-5).
Agent 374-1 is a miniature figurine that wears a distinctive feline headdress and holds two objects.
MAP
REFERENCES:
106-1    Ocucaje site, Ica Valley    Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-4556 ;    Knobloch 2003 photo ;    Uhle 1913:Fig.4 ;    Menzel 1977:Fig.130 ;    Knobloch 1989:Fig.15;     Kaulicke 1998:262
106-2     No provenience    Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1977.376;     Andre Emerich Gallery 1966:Fig.6
106-3     No provenience    Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia, Lima C-54786;    Knobloch 2012:136, Fig. 116;     Lavalle 1984:159;     Christopher Donnan photo
106-4    Pikillaqta site, Cuzco     Reassigned to figurines, see Agent 374-1
106-5 (Nasca antecedent)    Cahuachi A, Grave 1     Kroeber 1998:Fig.173
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AGENT: 107
As only a profile face depiction, this agent is a secondary figure on the Atarco style urns described with Agent 105. The distinguishing attribute is the mouth to cheek motif. The motif extends the lip band onto the cheek where it divides into two or three finger-like bands that end in white tips either round or pointed. The hat can be bi-colored with a head band of circular or rhomboid elements. None of the examples are complete enough to indicate a role, though the Atarco example and Agent 107-7 suggest a warrior status. Otherwise, Ann Pollard Rowe (1979) provides an insightful analysis of Wari style textiles that depict agents as musicians. Agent 107-3 appears to hold a spear in one hand while blowing an animal-head trumpet (or whistle*) held in the other hand (Rowe 1979:10-11, Figs 7, 10) and there is a bird at his shoulder.
Agent 107-4 is a remnant of a exquisite textile showing the lower profile face positioned at the back of a profile deity.
Agent 107-5 shows the most detail of the elaborate facial painting. The vessel shows similarities to the Pachacamac style effigy vessels (see Schmidt 1929:Tafel III-2).
Agent 107-6 also displays the pointed lip bands and a headdress somewhat similar to Agent 107-5 including a feathered top hat extension above a bulging dome shape. This headdress example is also similar to Agent 129-3 which makes determining the identity of Agent 107-6 somewhat questionable though facial markings are more permanent ethnic markers than hats.
Agent 107-7 is represented by two matching effigy bottles. The tunic represents Susan Bergh's (1999) Type 01 style tunics. (See Cleveland Museum of Art (clevelandart.org), J. H. Wade Fund 2005.53) with very elaborate vertical panels of avian profile deities as occur in the Southern Andean Iconographic Series. As Wari cult figures on a tunic these examples are similar to Agent 107-5's tunic that displays vertical bands of profile heads of supernatural felines. Agent 107-7 grasps an axe in the right hand and in the other a shield with a simplified image of a full bodied anthropomorphic figure standing with legs apart and both arms raised above the head similar to Agent 110-1 and 110-3.
The agency of holding shields with such human images is a powerful message but ambiguous: Is the image one of an ethnic group that was made defenseless? Is the image a warning of what an enemy can expect from battle? Is the image one of conciliatory diplomacy to engage the "other" into an allegiance?
Agent 107-9 is a decapitated profile head on Tello's Conchopata style urns located at the bottom of a staff held by a Profile Deity facing towards a beltless Staff God. The decapitation is detailed with a short column of vertibrae descending below the head. The square cap has a checkered square of four quandrants similar to Agent 142. The face has distinctive mouth markings as points that extend from the corners of the mouth onto the cheek. *Morell, Virginia - Empires across the Andes National Geographic June,2002:106-119 - See Kenneth Garrett's photo, p.107, of fox-head whistle found at Conchopata. Also, Agent 147-6 of Atarco double chambered bottle with agent blowing an animal head trumpet.
MAP
REFERENCES:
107-1    Conchopata     Isbell and Knobloch 2009:Fig.25
107-2 (copy 1)    No provenience     Anton 1962:Fig.107
107-2 (copy 2)    No provenience     Flagel 1929:Planche I ;    Kelemen 1946:Pl.164a
107-2 (copy 3)    No provenience     Museo Regional de Ica "Adolfo Bermudez Jenkins", MRI-00178-01;     Zuidema 1972:Fig.2, 3;     Salazar Bondy 1964:32 (back only);     Lumbreras 1990:204;     Larco Hoyle 1966:Fig.106
107-3    No provenience Textile Museum 1962.30.1;    Rowe, Ann P. (1979:Figs. 7, 10) ;    Anton 1962:Fig.141
107-4    Trancas valley, Nasca Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-9061;     O'Neale and Kroeber 1930:Pl.14a
107-5    Cajamarca region    private collection    Watanabe 2001:Fig.8
107-6    Cajamarca region    private collection    Watanabe 2001:Fig.9
107-7    No provenience Museo delle arti decorative, Milan     Image available on cover of exhibition book by searching Amazon.com for: Le Culture Del Peru Da Chavin;    Knobloch 2013:47, Fig. 6
107-8    Conchopata site, AyacuchoLaboratorio de Arqueología, Universidad Nacional de San Cristóbal de Huamanga 'decapitate head at left'    William Isbell 1999 photos
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AGENT: 108
As a profile head, all listed Agent 108 examples are depicted in association with other agents. The primary identification attribute is the horizontal dentate pattern across half the face. The hat is a rather simple cap.
As mentioned with Agent 103, the Conchopata style urn depicts the profile heads with the tongue hanging out. On the textile, Agent 108-4 and Agent 100 profile heads sit atop a peculiar motif that may be an insect, internal organs or plant. Joyce Hulbert (2005 in press paper. "Evidence of the Individual in the Cultural Material of Tapestry") suggested the motifs might be butterflies with chrysalis motifs along the edge of the textile to represent a death and rebirth theme. (see Hearst 4-4556)
MAP
REFERENCES:
108-1    Ocucaje site, Ica Valley    Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-4556     Knobloch 2003 photo ;    Uhle 1913:Fig.4 ;    Menzel 1977:Fig.130 ;    Knobloch 1989:Fig.15 ;    Kaulicke 1998:262
108-2    Chimu Capac site, Supe Valley    Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-7700     Knobloch 1988 photo (textile from Chimu Capac with Agent 103)
108-3    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Kaulicke and Isbell 2001:cover;     Knobloch 1999
108-4    No provenience     Lavalle 1989:cover ;    Reid 1986:Plate 33
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AGENT: 109
Very distinctive from other Wari agents by having facial piercings for multiple ear rings, nose ring and labret. The cap is simple and usually displays a pointed object stuck (feather?, projectile point?) in the headband in the center of the forehead. Agent 109-1 documents coca chewing and shows that this agent wore little clothing. As mentioned with Agent 108, the 109-3 example on the Conchopata style urn depicts the profile heads with the tongue hanging out.
The consistency of design depiction occurring in such diverse locales suggests that the agency was in the role of an itinerate shaman or "curandero" similar to such a role as suggested by the Niño Korin findings of Wassén (1972). Head jars of Agent 109-4 were found at San José de Moro - funeral house M-U1045 - associated with numerous Cajamarca style bowls and spoons. Perhaps Agent 109 represents a Cajamarca ethnicity that may explain the cultural distinctions with other Wari agents. Though Agent 109-8, 10, and 11 have no provenience, double-spout, strap handle bottles originate with the central coast Pachacamac style and south coast Atarco style workshops.
The independent and itinerant nature of Agent 109 is indicated by depictions on non-Wari style pottery. Agent 109-14 occurs on a late Moche blackware effigy jar (Moche, Site A) housed at the Hearst Museum. And another indication of a well established ethnic identity is Agent 109-15's depiction on a Chimu blackware vessel. Thus, Agent 109 ethnic identity continued long after the Middle Horizon and survived the collapse of the Wari Empire most likely due to origins beyond the Wari heartland such as Cajamarca.
MAP
REFERENCES:
109-1    Ancon Site P (Grave 17), Ancon district     Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-6033     Knobloch 2003 photo;    Menzel 1977:Fig.107;     Bruhns 1994:Fig.14.12
109-2    Huari site, Ayacucho     Cook 1985:Fig.24a
109-3    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Kaulicke and Isbell 2001:cover;     Knobloch 1999
109-4    San Jose de Moro site, Jequetepeque Valley     Programa Arqueológico San José de Moro, Temporada 2004:81, Fig. 52-55, M-U1045
109-5    Pachacamac site, Lima     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49503     Knobloch 1985 photo (doublespout bottle)
109-6    Pachacamac site, Lima     Museo Hipolito Unanue, Ayacucho     Knobloch 2015 photo (doublespout bottle)
109-7    Nazca region    British Museum Am1982,Q.957 (doublespout bottle)
109-8    No provenience    Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia, C-54789     Knobloch 2012:Fig.111
109-9    No provenience    Museo Larco ML018934
109-10    No provenience    Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino 0545 (doublespout bottle)
109-11    No provenience     MET Museum 67.167.39
109-12    Huacho region     Emmerich 1971:Fig.53
109-13    No provenience     Gardiner Museum, Toronto G83.1.318
109-14    Moche site A, Trujillo    Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-2564b    Huaca del Sol. Knobloch 2002 photo.
109-15    No provenience (Chimu culture)     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 4075 Chimu blackware style
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AGENT: 110
Primary attributes are a bi-colored hat shaped like an upside down bowl usually topped with feather-like, decorative straight rim. The face is painted with curving bands (usually around the eye(s)) and/or straight band elements. Above one eye the band has three angular points each embedded with triangle elements all of which point upward. There are other agents that also display facial bands with attached angular points embedded with triangle elements, such as: 132-6 (that occurs on the exterior side of this same sherd), all Agents 145, 148-1, 149-1, 151-2... Agent 110-1 wears a rather simple tunic of geometric tocapus that are similar to Tiwanaku patterns (see Knobloch 2000a for analysis) and may be grasping a horn in the left hand. In the right hand, Agent 110-1 holds a shield with a simplified image of a full bodied anthropomorphic image standing with legs apart and both arms raised above the head.
Agent 110-3 is a captive with hands tied, so the shield with anthropomorphic image appears as a part of the tunic.
Agent 110-4 is another captive version with arms tied behind back and held upside down by a Profile Deity on a 'Tello ofrenda' style Conchopata urn. As depicted in 110-4, the narrative of this captive is one of three captives (Agents 140-1 and 132-4) associated with an alternating pattern of belted Staff God and Profile Deity. The layout does not represent a the pattern of a central Staff God flanked by attendant Profile Deities as carved into Tiwanaku's Gateway of the Sun. His accessories include earspools, necklace, armbands and anklets. Depicted wearing only a leg-wrapped loincloth (eg., subligaculum) with a red and white striped hem.
Agent 110-6 is a head jar with more details of the hat with circular elements within the bicolored panels. This detail appears on both Agent 110-5 and Agent 110-7.
The anthropomorphic images associated with Agent 110-3 and 107-7 have the supernatural design elements of divided eyes as well as banded rays on the limbs yet both appear to have been stripped of possible staffs and clothing. Perhaps, Agent 110's agency was one of a harbinger of religious upheaval.
MAP
REFERENCES:
110-1    Huari site, Ayacucho     Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia William H. Isbell 1974 photo;     Knobloch 2001:Fig.11b
110-2    Huari site, Ayacucho     Wagner 1981:Fig.A11A
110-3    No provenience     Private collection Knobloch 2010:207, Fig.17, fourth captive agent located in bottom right corner     Closeup
110-4    Conchopata site, Ayacucho    Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia    Knobloch 2009 reconstruction drawing
110-5    No provenience     online auction site, Pachacamac style
110-6    No provenience     Lapiner 1976:237, fig.546
110-7    Pachacamac site     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49565     Knobloch 1985 photo (effigy jar)
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AGENT: 111
Found only at Azangaro.
MAP
REFERENCES:
111-1    Azangaro site, Ayacucho     Anders 1986:Fig.7.53a
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AGENT: 112
Another warrior agent found on Conchopata pottery with a trophy head hanging from his neck, axe and shield. Distinguishing attributes are a helmet-like hat with pointed projections, possibly horns, and a tunic that appears to be made from a feline pelt. As a profile head, the Ica textile example may also represent this agent located above Agent 100. Hearst 4-4556
The Conchopata example depicts Agent 112-2 confronting Agent 101-4 in full bodied, opposimg stances.
MAP
REFERENCES:
112-1    Ocucaje site, Ica Valley     Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-4556;   Knobloch 2002 photo; ;    Uhle 1913:Fig.4 ;    Menzel 1977:Fig.130 ;    Knobloch 1989:Fig.15 ;    Kaulicke 1998:262
112-2    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Ochatoma and Cabrera 2002:Fig.8.11B     combined with: reconstruction from sherds (William H. Isbell photos) ;    Tung 2012:118, Fig.5.6
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AGENT: 113
There are several agents that display 'tear bands': a cheek design that represents a band attached to the lower eyelid. Found only at Azangaro.
MAP
REFERENCES:
113-1    Azangaro site, Ayacucho     Anders 1986:Fig.7.54c
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AGENT: 114
Depicted on pottery in the less fancy Viñaque style, the sherd examples are not as detailed. There are many sherd examples at the site of Huari whereas only one found at Azangaro; all from parts of the face and headdress. Agent 114's hat is depicted on the straight rims of effigy jars and appears to be a crisscrossing of white fibers on a red background rather than woven textile threads; perhaps made from reeds or straw. Thus this agent's hat is rather unique compared to other agent head apparel that appear to be made of patterned textile headbands. There are several agents that display 'tear bands': a cheek design that represents a band attached to the lower eyelid. Agent 114's face is painted on the cheeks with two red tear bands. Agent 114 is local to Huari and given the quality of representation, most likely represents a lower status of Wari society in the heartland.
MAP
REFERENCES:
114-1    Azangaro site, Ayacucho     Anders 1986:Fig.7.55d
114-2+    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 212425     Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photo; Other sherds found at Huari in Bennett 1951 Collection: (Pit/level) 2 Surf, 2A, 2P, 8E, 8H, 9B, 11F, 13A, 13C, 15 Gen, 15C, 15F
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AGENT: 115
Agent 115-1 is a sherd fragment of a modeled head found at Azangaro site. The hat is a plain straight-rimmed cap. The distinctive attributes are the horizontal tattoo-like bands that run across the lower face. One band is an fret pattern and runs from cheek to cheek between the nose and upper lip. Below the mouth the bands vary with more curvilinear linked hooks or zigzag lines.
Agent 115-2 is represented by two duplicate effigy bottles. The figures show distinct female features of breasts, vagina and two braids of hair that divide at the back of the neck and drape over the shoulders. The body is filled with creature motifs that appear to be attacking the individual. The vessels are decorated with humpbacked animals, the ventral animal, possible dogs, a snake-like creature and birds. The ears are pierced either to have held earrings - now gone - or to represent earplugs. There are design details that made this author doubt the vessels authenticity. However, these bottles can be identified as Viñaque based on a sherd (115-3) excavated at Huari by Christina Brewster-Wray (1990) that matches the back area with humpbacked animal, ventral animal, and dog (?) (see Cook 1994:Lám.35a - image was published upside-down).
Another effigy vessel of Agent 115-4 is also most likely a female representation. Based on numerous images of Wari style females, the hair is typically parted in the middle of the forehead as it is here. It countinues into two braids that separate at the back and hang down the shoulders. The face displays the bands of tattoo like designs (interlocking fret). In general the vessel depicts a sleeping individual who guards a smaller, wide-awake individual (perhaps a child) that is being attacked from behind by a feline (jaguar). This feline captor narrative also occurs on Moche vessels as documented by Elizabeth Benson (1974 A Man and A Feline in Mochica Art). Remarkably, this association presents an astounding comparison with a very similar vessel (as though they were made from the same mold) published by Otto Klein (1967) that was excavated at Vicús (northern Peru). This Agent 115-5 appears to have similar decoration, including the band of linked curves filled with dots that occur between the knees and feet.* However, due to the published photo's low resolution, the faces do not appear to have designs. This vessel is more complete with the head of the feline. Klein points out that the figure's cheek is bulging and deduced that the sleep was caused by chewed coca. He suggests that the lower face represents a trophy head, but I disagree since the expression is obviously not one of a dead person.
Whatever the cause of having a Wari vessel occur so far north (in excavation), only adds to the growing evidence of distant contacts into northern Peru and Ecuador.
*Bands with filler dots that represent a pattern in an agent's clothing (possible tunic) were found in Brewster-Wray's excavation and occurred on the base sherds of an effigy vessel including similar feet protruding from the bottom edge (Cook 1994:Lam.23a,b,c).
MAP
REFERENCES:
115-1    Azangaro site, Ayacucho     Anders 1986:Fig.7.57a
115-2    No provenience     Dallas Museum of Art, 1976.W.217;     Knobloch 2012:Fig.120
115-3    Huari site, Ayacucho     Cook 1994:Lam.35a
115-4    Huari site, Ayacucho     Ministerio de Cultura, Ayacucho Knobloch 2015 photo
115-5    Vicús site, Piura     Klein 1967:36-44, Figs. 21, 25 (search amazon.com for photo of cover: "La Ceramica Mochica. Caracteres Estilisticos y Conceptos")
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AGENT: 116
Found only at Azangaro.
MAP
REFERENCES:
116-1     Anders 1986:Fig.7.53 (not lettered)
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AGENT: 117
The distinctive attributes of Agent 117 are somewhat similar to Agent 115 in that the lower half of the face is decorated with one or two bands of thin black line designs that appear to be tattoos. The band designs are a line of hooks either hanging from above or curving upward from the jawline. The headdress includes a plain straight sided cap with an apparent bi-colored, banded cowl across the top and down the back (or sides) - most likely a textile. The tumbler (117-1) and dish/open bowl (117-2) are vessels that display Agent 117 in association with Agent 103 as depicted by Pachacamac artisans. They are also associated on a possible lyre cup (though the drawing suggests a straight sided bowl from a partial reconstruction of sherds) from San Jose de Moro (117-3) and three lyre cups that do not have definitive proveniences though it is suggested that 117-5 and 117-6 are from the Nasca region. Due to this common association of Agents 103 and 117, it is possible that the vertical-sided dish from Huancayo (103-2) may also have depicted Agent 117. One sherd (117-7) is from the surface of Huari, collected by Wendell Bennett, an expected location given the associations with Agent 103.
For those who drank from the lyre cups, the associaton of Agents 103 and 117 may narrate an agency of commemorating their union. Furthermore, the thin black line designs that may be tattoo bands across the lower half of the face are similar to those of Agent 115, a female, and therefore suggests that Agent 117 may represent a female in a marital union with Agent 103 (see Nash, Donna 2015).
Agent 117-8 provides a full depiction on an effigy bottle. The vessel has fragments and holes that indicate that it was a double-chambered, whistling bottle with strap handle. As modeled, the cowl is depicted as a corona-like headdress crossing the top of the head from shoulder to shoulder and sets half-way back on the plain white, straight-sided cap. Agent 117-8 wears a two strand necklace most likely of sequins. The tunic depicts the interlocking hook pattern found on tie-dye textiles, including those that do not have the embedded tie-dyed circles (Rowe, Ann Pollard 2012:199, Fig.190). If a female, then some tie-dyed tunics may be female gendered clothing.
MAP
REFERENCES:
117-1    Pachacamac site, Lima    Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49191     Knobloch 1985 photo (tumbler)
117-2    Pachacamac site, Lima    Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49138     Knobloch 1985 photo (dish/open bowl)
117-3    San Jose de Moro site, Jequetepeque Valley     Castillo 2000:Fig.14, second row, right; Fig.15 bottom, left (lyre cup/vertical sided cup)
117-4    No provenience     Knobloch 2010:204, Fig.13 (lyre cup with vertical chevron band dividers)
117-5    Nasca region     Museo Larco ML010484 (lyre cup);     Banco de Crédito del Perú 1984:128, bottom figure.
117-6    Nasca region     Museo Larco ML035565 (lyre cup)
117-7    Huari site, Ayacucho     Spielvogel 1955: Pl.44, fig. 2
117-8    No provenience     Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, search by: 32-30-30/64
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AGENT: 118
Only found on Conchopata style, oversize urn from Conchopata site. May be related to Agents 115 and 117 with similar, two-part headdress and possible tattooing of fine, black line, design bands across lower half of face.
MAP
REFERENCES:
118-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Isbell and Cook 2002:Fig.9.13;     Knobloch 1999
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AGENT: 119
Found only at Azangaro.
MAP
REFERENCES:
119-1    Azangaro site, Ayacucho     Anders 1986:Fig.7.54a
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AGENT: 120
There are several agents that display 'tear bands': a cheek design that represents a band attached to the lower eyelid. Found only at Azangaro.
MAP
REFERENCES:
120-1    Azangaro site, Ayacucho     Anders 1986:Fig.7.55j
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AGENT: 121
On a less fancy Viñaque/Huamanga style effigy jar, Agent 121 is not yet adequately defined for comparative purposes.
MAP
REFERENCES:
121-1    Huari site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1977 (field slides)
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AGENT: 122
Depicted on the body of a large, wide mouthed jar with straight flaring rim. Field drawing depicts Agent 122 as a warrior with rectangular shield in one hand and a staff-like weapon raised up in the other. The end of the staff appears embedded with three curved blades on two sides. The headdress is apparently a very fancy, textile headband. The band is edged with black and white zigzags bands above and below a wider band of panels of red and orange motifs. The motifs alternate between a simple anthropomorphic face and two lazy-S elements. The field drawing does not show this pattern of alternating motifs. The field drawing also indicates two white lobes protuding from the sides of the headband. From sherds, the head apparently was a modeled face with a painted body on the vessel. The face is divided into 4 equal quadrants of red and blue. A short white curved line occurs on the chin just below the mouth. The modeling of the face is so identical in its execution to the Robles Moqo style effigy jars of Agent 100, that it could have come from Pacheco.
MAP
REFERENCES:
122-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1999 photo
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AGENT: 123
Displayed on oversize urns from Conchopata with several other profile agent heads. Agent 123-1 has a distinctive stepped pattern that runs diagonally from side of forehead to chin dividing the face into two contrasting colored fields. Agent 123-2 has a similar pattern though the stepped line runs from front of forehead to earlobe. The cap has a pattern of several rows of colored circles.
MAP
REFERENCES:
123-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     1999 photo courtesy of W H Isbell;    Isbell 2000:Fig.16, left;     Isbell and Cook 2002:Fig.9.13
123-2    No provenience    Textile Museum (1959.10.1);    Bird 1965:Fig.24   Lapiner 1976:Fig.553.
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AGENT: 124
Displayed with other bodiless, profile heads on oversize urns from Conchopata in Ayacucho, Peru. Agent 124-1 displays a fancy headdress that is apparently made from a feline pelt and tied with a textile headband. The C-shape and dot filler elements of the pelt represents a jaguar's pelt and often used on pendent rectangle motifs known as Wari tocapus (see: tocapu T105 ). The headband displays a band of lazy-S design elements with it bunched up at the back of the head like a bun and tied at the forehead where there are two white projections. It would appear that the headband was a strip of white cloth with a hem of a red band with different colored Lazy S design elements that was twisted before being tied to the agent's head. The only other example of another agent with a jaguar pelt headdress occurs on the Conchopata Staff God and Profile Deity urns that resemble those excavated by Julio C. Tello in 1942. Here, Agent 150 is a captive of the beltless Staff God. However, the headdress displays a medallion with feathers at the back and markings on the face, so this example may be related but not the same agent.
MAP
REFERENCES:
124-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     1999 photo courtesy of W H Isbell;     Knobloch 1999 (field slide);     Isbell 2000:Fig.16, right
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AGENT: 125
Displayed with other bodiless, profile heads on oversize urns from Conchopata in Ayacucho, Peru. Agent 125-1 wears a headdress that is apparently made from rather stiff material such as vegetable fibers in order to sit upright yet with flexible, incurving sides; perhaps like a woven mat material. The hat is decorated with bands of repeating design elements similar to the tattoo patterns of running frets and repeating hooks as seen on Agents 115 (though not interlocking frets) and 117. There are several agents that display 'tear bands': a cheek design that represents a band attached to the lower eyelid. Agent 125's tear band is a simple red band.
MAP
REFERENCES:
125-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     1999 photo courtesy of W H Isbell;     Knobloch 1999;     Isbell 2000:Fig.16, middle
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AGENT: 126
Oversize face-neck jar (about 1 m in height) from Conchopata site, Ayacucho, Peru. This depiction of Agent 126 was produced in the less fancy Viñaque or Huamanga style workshop and, therefore, the ethnic details are less pronounced. The front body of the vessel depicts two rectilinear panels demarcated by a band of interlocking step-frets within each is an avian profile head that face each other.
Agent 126-1's face is not decorated and the headdress displays a row of white circles on a black band at the very top, all of which appears to be tied down by a white cord under the chin.
MAP
REFERENCES:
126-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Isbell 2000:Fig.21D;     posted image;     Isbell and Cook 2002:Fig.9.17
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AGENT: 127
There are several agents that display 'tear bands': a cheek design that represents a band attached to the lower eyelid. This agent's distinguishing attribute is the double dart tear band on the cheeks. He also wears a hat with a rimband of white diamonds or dots. Two double chambered vessels depict Agent 127-1 and 3 in a four cornered hat. On the 127-1 bottle, the upper surface is divided into two rows of panels (approximately 8) filled with a fine line double headed serpent figure either in red or black.
The Agent 127-2 is a Huari sherd that replicates this motif indicating a duplicate vessel - both in the Atarco style.
For more information on these hats and how to make the Wari version that adds pile threads see: 4-Cornered Pile Hats
Agent 127-4 is depicted on a double-handled bowl in the Epoch 2 Viñaque style (similar to Agent 134-1).
MAP
Under Construction
REFERENCES:
127-1    No provenience     Lapiner 1976:249, Fig.576
127-2    Huari site, Ayacucho    Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 211715    Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra photo 2013;     Bennett 1953:Pl.9N
127-3    Ica-Nasca region     Menzel 1968:Fig.48 Atarco A style, Carlos Soldi collection
127-4    No provenience     Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University, Quick Search use: 32-30-30/69;    Bawden and Conrad 1982:79, lower left figure
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AGENT: 128
There are several agents that display 'tear bands': a cheek design that represents a band attached to the lower eyelid. Agent 128 has tear band with interior bands that curve toward the ears and end in a human fist with palm, three fingers and thumb. The headdress is a simple headband with a wavy line dividing filler dots. (see Hearst 4-4556)
MAP
REFERENCES:
128-1    Ocucaje site, Ica Valley     Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-4556;   Knobloch 2002 photo; ;    Uhle 1913:Fig.4 ;    Menzel 1977:Fig.130 ;    Knobloch 1989:Fig.15 ;    Kaulicke 1998:262
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AGENT: 129
There are several agents that display 'tear bands': a cheek design that represents a band attached to the lower eyelid. Agent 129-1 has a simple band for a tear band. The headdress is a simple band with rows of dots, perhaps shells or sequins.
Agent 129-3 is currently in this category due to a headdress of circlets. The circlets appear to be sewn discs and the top tuft of the vessel's rim may indicate feathers. However, the tear bands curve around the eye and end in a curve on the cheeck, and therefore this example may represent a different agent to be determined with later evidence. (see Hearst 4-4556)
MAP
REFERENCES:
129-1    Ocucaje site, Ica Valley     Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology 4-4556;   Knobloch 2002 photo; ;    Uhle 1913:Fig.4 ;    Menzel 1977:Fig.130 ;    Knobloch 1989:Fig.15 ;    Kaulicke 1998:262
129-2    Pachacamac site     Uhle 1935:Fig.19
129-3    No provenience     Private collection:    Lapiner 1976:Fig.546
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AGENT: 130
Most often found on Robles Moqo style (Epoch 1B Wari style) face-neck jars from Pacheco site. Distinguished by a white headdress of simple horizontal bands and a light colored tunic with fine vertical stripes. Black and white photos of Agent 130-1, 2, 3, 4, 7 and 8 do not provide resolution to determine details as well as the Agent 130-6 color publication. Agent 130-6 indicates that the hat may have thin red zigzag lines that form a diamond pattern around the headdress. The 'top hat' spout are diagonal step frets in alternating colors of black with white or red. The face is asymmetrically painted with a red step band leading down from the top of the nose to the effigy's right chin and on the effigy's left side are two tear bands outlined in black with a step on one. There appears to be some modern reconstruction that may have changed some of these details. The tunic's vertical stripes are red, dark orange and grey with zig zag stripes at center of back and front and on sides that may indicate sewing of seams.
Regarding 130-6:
"One spectacular effigy jar depicts a Wari figure whose elite status is apparent not so much in his simple, striped tunic as in the beautifully depicted black jaguar pelt hanging from his hat (see fig. 134). Jaguar habitation once included all of South America, except the western coast and southernmost regions. Black jaguars are a rare, morphed peculiarity; they represent only 6 percent of today's jaguar population. [ftnt.34] Thus, this Wari personage may be someone of great distinction" (Knobloch 2012:129).
Agent 130-7 has a similar striped tunic but the face is painted with a curved band starting at the tip of the nose, over the eyebrow and curled inward on the cheek. Thus, it may represent another agent category. Agent 130-9 is also somewhat similar in having the hat with horizontal bands as well as bands with the red zigzag lines that are smaller than Agent 130-6 and include filler dots, yet no facial decoration; therefore, may represent another agent.
MAP
REFERENCES:
130-1    Pacheco site     Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú (number ?)     Menzel 1977:Fig.129
130-2    no provenience     Coradeschi 1974: Fig.101 (author suggested Huari-Lambayeque culture)
130-3    Pacheco site     Ubbelohde-Doering 1927:Abb.1,   1952:Fig.113 ;    Spielvogel 1955:Pl.100, photo 2
130-4    Pacheco site     Ubbelohde-Doering 1927:Abb.7,8
130-5    Conchopata site     Knobloch 2000c
130-6    Pacheco site     Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú C-63067    Glowacki 2013:148, Fig.134 (for color) ;   Lumbreras :Lam VL
130-7    Huari site     Cook 1994:Lam.20, d-f
130-8    Pacheco site     Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú (number ?)    Von Hagen 1968:Fig.127
130-9    Pacheco site     Metropolitan Museum of Art 1978.412.67    
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AGENT: 131
Though representative of a Robles Moqo style (Epoch 1B Wari style), Agent 131-1 effigy bottle was published as associated with vessels from the site of Nievería (now known as "Complejo de Catalina Huanca" (Valdez Velåsquez-López 2015). This vessel has very similar modeling of the face with deeply grooved accentuation of eyelids, nasal edges and cheek definition as well as hands flattened against the body, all as common on those effigy jars from Pacheco. However, the vessel shape has a much narrower spout and the body is spherical whereas the Pacheco vessels have wider spouts and the body tapers from the shoulders to the base. Thus, the vessel was probably not made at the same workshops.
MAP
REFERENCES:
131-1    Nievería site, Lima    Uhle 1910:245, Fig.11    Lumbreras 1974b:Fig.90 ;    Stierlin 1984:Fig.136
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AGENT: 132
This agent has a black cowl headdress (similar in shape to Agent 117-8) held at the front by a red band with white filler dots or white band with red filler dots that crosses from ear to ear above the forehead. Facial markings include tear bands with simple added elements such as points or short horizontal band. However, Agent 132-6 has a more elaborate facial design that encircles the eye with a fine, black line of attached triangular points. There are other agents that also display facial bands with attached triangular points embedded with triangle elements, such as: 110-1, all Agents 145, 148-1, 149-1, 151-2...
On an exquisitely detailed jar, Agents 101-6, 132-1 and 137-1 are depicted with various cultivars.
This association suggests that these agents may have overseen the planting and harvesting of the plants. Several plants occur at distinct elevations or environmental niches such as yuca, maize and potatoes. The agents may represent diverse communities whose association with the cultivars suggests economic cooperation among distinct groups thereby supporting a Wari political system. The depiction of yuca (manioc) is particularly curious in that its area of cultivation would be in the eastern slopes of the Andes. However Isbell (1977:10) and Anders (1986:56) mention possible trade routes from Jargampata and Azangaro, respectively, into the ceja de selva region. The identification of the oca and tuna are based on similar observations by Yacovleff and Herrera (1934:308, 321, respectively).
Agent 132-4 is a captive hanging upside down from the grasp of a Profile Deity on a 'Tello ofrenda' style Conchopata urn. Depicted wearing only a leg-wrapped loincloth (eg., subligaculum), the red belt is detailed with red +'s within a white diamond pattern. As depicted in 132-4, the narrative of this captive is one of three captives (Agents 140-1 and 110-4) associated with an alternating pattern of belted Staff God and Profile Deity. The layout does not represent the pattern of a central Staff God flanked by attendant Profile Deities as carved into Tiwanaku's Gateway of the Sun. His accessories include earspools, necklace, armbands and anklets.
Another indication that this agent may have distant trade associations is his depiction on pottery from the Pariti Island of southern Lake Titicaca (132-3). At some point in the history of this agent's relationship with the Wari authorities there apparently was a conflict that led to his captive status as depicted on the Conchopata oversize urns (132-4) excavated by Julio Tello in 1942. The narrative may have captured an event of political coercion and subjugation of Amazonian people by means of religious indoctrination.
During excavations at Huari conducted by Christina Brewster-Wray (1990:669), another image of this agent was found on a double-handled "retrato" bowl in the Epoch 2 Viñaque style (132-5).
MAP
Agent 132
REFERENCES:
132-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Laboratorio de Arqueología, Universidad Nacional de San Cristóbal de Huamanga Knobloch 2000c photo
132-2    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Ochatoma and Cabrera 2002:Fig.8.9D (William H. Isbell photo)
132-3    Pariti island, Lake Titicaca    Korpisaari and Parssinen 2005:Fig.6;    Sagárnaga 2007:Cover
132-4    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia    Knobloch 2009 reconstruction drawing
132-5    Huari site, Ayacucho     Brewster-Wray 1990:669 - drawing;    Cook 1994: Lam 23f - photo
132-6    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1999:reconstruction from sherds (William H. Isbell photos)
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AGENT: 133
The face-neck area of an exquisitely made effigy jar excavated at Huari during William H.Isbell's Huari Urban Prehistory Project, 1979. Facial modeling is atypical in having very angular features of a pointed nose and pointed cheeks. Cylindrical hat depicts abstract, interlocking profile feline heads with tufts; also atypical of how such profile heads are depicted. Remnant edges of tunic indicate elaborate designs outlined in white.
MAP
Agent 133
REFERENCES:
133-1    Huari site, Ayacucho     photo by William H. Isbell 1979
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AGENT: 134
Agent 134-1 is depicted on a double-handle bowl in Epoch 2 Viñaque style (similar to Agent 127-4). Cheeks have elaborate tearbands as fillet-band rays ending in profile feline heads.
Agent 134-2 was excavated at Huari by Christina Brewster-Wray (1990) and is an effigy jar that depicts another version of the four-cornered hat of step-fret tocapus with headband of diamond shapes (see Agents 100-1, 9, 11; 127-1, 3; 146-1).
For more information on these hats and how to make the Wari version that adds pile threads see: 4-Cornered Pile Hats Body sherds indicate the typical frontal, bi-panel fields outlined with bands of interlocking step-frets. Within each field one profile feline deity head faces the center. The head has a stepped nose, divided eye, stepped and curved tear lines as well as a corona with rayed tufts and dotted circles.
MAP
Under Construction
REFERENCES:
134-1    Huari site, Ayacucho    Museo de Sitio Wari Knobloch 1999/2000 photo
134-2    Huari site, Ayacucho     Cook 1985: 281, Fig.25
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AGENT: 135
Depicted on an ovoid canteen shaped bottle, this agent category remains unknown due to the lack of facial identity. Therefore Agent 135 represents a "holding" place in this database until further evidence becomes available. Also there are two images of different individuals on the opposite sides of the vessel, thus Agent 135A and 135B for present purposes. Both wear elaborate tunics depicting profile animal supernaturals, hold an axe in the right hand (nothing in the left) and stand on a reed boat motif similar to Agent 100-7.
Agent 135A has a tunic of vertical bands with full body, avian supernaturals. These tunics represent Susan Bergh's (1999) Type 01 style tunics. (See Cleveland Museum of Art (clevelandart.org), J. H. Wade Fund 2005.53) These supernaturals combine avian head with animal body thereby representing Menzel's 'Pachacamac Griffin' creature.
Agent 135B wears a tunic with vertical bands of supernatural feline profile heads. The heads have a stepped nose and divided eye.
The significance to the wearer of these extraordinary tunics was most likely not only a source of prestige but divine power such that: “…the human wearer helped to focus such symbols of power on himself as a central figure of control and leadership" (Knobloch 1986), “…Wari leaders could embody mythical powers of a central deity” (Knobloch 1989), and “…the wearer would appear empowered by these religious symbols and elevated to a higher social status” (Knobloch 2000).
MAP
Agent 135
REFERENCES:
135-1    Huari site, Ayacucho    Museo de Sitio Wari Knobloch 2015 photo
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AGENT: 136
This agent does not display many elite articles of clothing except for a bi-colored necklace. The agent may at first appear feminine but most Wari representations of women show a part in the middle of the bangs (this author's observation). Other agent images with little or no elaborate facial or head decoration and similar straight bangs can be male.
MAP
Agent 136
REFERENCES:
136-1    Huari site, Ayacucho     Knobloch 1983 field photo
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AGENT: 137

This agent has rather simple facial markings of triangular tearbands, one red and the other gray. The headdress is a round, flat-topped white cap apparently secured to the head by a red band with white filler dots that crosses from ear to ear above the forehead similar to Agent 132-1.
On an exquisitely detailed jar, Agents 101-6, 132-1 and 137-1 are depicted with various cultivars. This association suggests that these agents may have overseen the planting and harvesting of the plants. Several plants occur at distinct elevations or environmental niches such as yuca, maize and potatoes. The agents may represent diverse communities whose association with the cultivars suggests economic cooperation among distinct groups thereby supporting a Wari political system. The depiction of yuca (manioc) is particularly curious in that its area of cultivation would be in the eastern slopes of the Andes. However Isbell (1977:10) and Anders (1986:56) mention possible trade routes from Jargampata and Azangaro, respectively, into the ceja de selva region. The identification of the oca and tuna are based on similar observations by Yacovleff and Herrera (1934:308, 321, respectively).
MAP
Agent 137
REFERENCES:
137-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho ;    Laboratorio de Arqueología, Universidad Nacional de San Cristóbal de Huamanga Knobloch 2000c photo;    Ochatoma y Pérez 1998:back cover
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AGENT: 138
Reassigned to Agent 373.
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AGENT: 139
Associated with Agent 103 on the Boston MFA textile (139-1) and represented by a small effigy jar (139-2), Agent 139 was apparently involved in warfare or rituals that included decapitation.
Agent 139-1 is full-bodied with profiled head. It is characterized by a simple headdress with a flat top section above a extended horizontal brim that appears to encircle the head. The face is divided horizontally into two bi-colored halves. The tunic appears plain on top, belted with wavy bi-colored band and a lower hem band that depicts a key characteristic of this agent: a fine lined, zigzag of hook elements in black on white. Agent 139-1 displays a closed fist in one hand and in the other holds a staff with Wari cult images - profile avian and feline heads - that typify elements of the Southern Andean Iconographic Series. The unique feature of this staff is the bifurcated, U-shaped filial. See Agent 103 for further discussion.
Agent 139-2 is a modeled effigy jar and fortunately indicates that the rim is not evenly wide, but rather undulates forming four lobes extending out from the corners (but not a four-cornered hat). The face is divided horizontally into two bi-colored halves. A round shield with donut like motif is held in the left hand and, unfortunately, the lower half of a broken staff in the right hand. His warrior status is evident in the numerous filler elements on the tunic that comprise amputated human limbs (4 legs, 5 hands) and 3 decapitated heads. The hem band of the tunic displays a fine lined, zigzag of hook elements in black on white.
MAP
REFERENCES:
139-1    No provenience     Museum of Fine Arts, tapestry panel 1996.50;     MFA tapestry panel 1996.50 on Who Was Who website
139-2    No provenience     Linden Museum, Stuttgart, Germany 119016;    Anton 1962:Fig.109;    Knobloch 2012:137, Fig.118
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AGENT: 140
A captive held at the top of the head by belted Staff Gods on Conchopata style urns as found by Julio Tello in 1942. As depicted in 140-1, the narrative of this captive is one of three captives (Agents 110-4 and 132-4) associated with an alternating pattern of belted Staff God and Profile Deity. The layout does not represent the pattern of a central Staff God flanked by attendant Profile Deities as carved into Tiwanaku's Gateway of the Sun. This captive is similar to Agent 150 held by the beltless Staff God as found on the 1999 excavated Conchopata urn fragment (see below). Both have the arms tied in back. Agent 140 has a black cap above a purple headband of yellow diamonds and red dots with two feathers appended to the back of the cap by a red and yellow medallion. Depicted wearing only a leg-wrapped loincloth (eg., subligaculum) with a red and white striped hem. This belt is similar to those worn by the other captives (Agents 110 and 132) on this urn with red +'s within a white diamond pattern. His accessories include earspools, necklace, armbands and anklets. A white band facial marking was determined by fragments not included in the drawing. The band begins on the forehead and continues from eye to cheek with a short square extension on the ear side.
MAP
Agent 140
REFERENCES:
140-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho     Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia    Knobloch 2009 reconstruction drawing
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AGENT: 141
Defined more by clothing than face at this time and may include more than one singular agent. The tunic is a black on white textile covered in step-fret motifs that include the step, imbedded triangle and curved hook. The face is divided into two or four quadrants of black and red areas. The hat appears to be a simple cap primarily with horizontal bands or a band of horizontal and circular elements. The hair is pulled back showing earspools.
Agent 141-1 was painted on a lyre cup as a captive with Agent 103-6.
Agents 141-2 and 141-3 belong to the south coast, Atarco style. The first is an effigy bottle of a sitting agent with all limbs hidden under the tunic. The second is a double-chambered bottle with a similar sitting agent though with hands and the mouth is open suggesting a "whistling jar" vessel.
Agent 141-4 is also an Atarco style effigy jar derived from the Robles Moqo style in terms of eyes and round cap topped by the narrower cylinder mouth of the jar. Elements that typify this agent are the black on white step-fret tunic, face divided vertical in half with contrasting colors of black and red, earspools and a simple, white round cap. The face is remarkable in its expression of bared teeth and very pointed nose. This appearance may indicate a deteriorating infection such as Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis (ML).
MAP
Under Construction
REFERENCES:
141-1    Huari site, Ayacucho     Museo de Sitio Wari   Knobloch 1999/2000 (photo of lyre cup);     drawing of lyre cup based on photo (Knobloch 1999/2000) and drawing by Pérez Calderón (1999:75).
141-2    No provenience     Lavalle 1984:141
141-3    No provenience     Katz 1972:Fig.55
141-4    Quilcapampa, south coast    photo by Johny A. Isla 2015
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AGENT: 142
A simple depiction with little ethnic identity on a profile face painted 5 times around the turban-like hat of Agent (TBA) - an effigy head bowl. Agent 142 does not have facial markings and the hat also appears turban-like with a checkered square of four quandrants, similar to Agent 107-8.
MAP
Under Construction
REFERENCES:
142-1    Sausal site, Chicama     Donnan 1968:Plate XIII, Fig. 6a, b, c
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AGENT: 143
The examples of Agent 143 may represent more than one unique agent since not all clothing features are common or present to determine a consistent representation at this time.
The key attribute of this agent is a moustache and chin beard. On most examples, the chin beard can be recognized in today's terms as a 'soul patch'.
One example from Huari looks remarkably modern (143-1) with a handlebar shaped moustache; however, the beard or goatee is also a handlebar shape. Spielvogel (1955:Pl.CXIV) noted the similarity of this facial characteristic with Tiwanaku retrato or "head" vessels.
Menzel (1964:23, ftnt.105) designated this sherd as an example of the Robles Moqo style that originated at Huari and then spread to the Conchopata site and Pacheco site on the south coast. The facial modeling that determines this piece to be Robles Moqo is a medium sized nose with the accentuated incisions around the nostrils (Also known as thenasolabial furrow), and the delicate replication of the lips including the philtrum indent on the upper lip.
Agent 143-2 illustrates this agent as a possible herder carrying an animal across the shoulders. There are two of these vessels and a fragment of a third duplicate vessel (143-3) was found in Brewster-Wray's excavations at Huari.
Agent 143-4 is a double-spout strap handled vessel in the Nievería style displaying only the head with red cheeks and simple headband cap (recovered from constructio near pueblo Huanza, Santa Eulalia - northeast of Lima).
Agent 143-5 is a drawing that shows an effigy vessel that is very similar to Agent 143-2 with a rimmed form headdress of rows of triangles, carrying a llama and stepped areas of squares at the hem of the tunic at the knees. The drawing does not indicate a beard and moustache, but the other attributes are sufficiently similar to assign this example.
Agent 143-6 is a tall bottle with modelled head atop a double lobed vessel body and conical base in the Fancy Chakipampa style of Epoch 1B. The agent has a chin beard and half-circle moustache similar to Agent 102-5; also wears ear spools and there is no other facial design. A very unusual vessel shape indicating a special artisan skill.
Agents 143-7 and 8 are from the south coast, most likely in the Nasca region where Wari's Atarco style originates. Both effigies display the chin beard and half circle moustaches. Agent 143-7 also has simple facial lines the encircle the eyes and curve onto the cheeks. This design is similar to Agent 147. Agent 143-8 wears a simple striped tunic with a hood that completely covers the head and displays a symmetrical ray design of tripartite rays with a central pointed ray flanked by recurved rays. The motif is similar to those found in the Early Intermediate Period Nasca 7 style (Parsons 1980:298, Fig.452) and borrowed into the Huarpa style (Leone 2004:714, Fig. 11.19) becoming a Wari motif.
Agent 106-3 is also an example of this agent category's moustache design and may be a related or social member within the Agent 143 identity.
MAP
REFERENCES:
143-1    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum - Bennett Collection from Huari, Pit 10E ANT212062
143-2    No provenience     Lumbreras 2000:28 or figure opposite page 29;    Kauffmann-Doig 1998(middle)
143-3    Huari site, Ayacucho     Cook 1994:Lam 23:a-c
143-4    Calancancha site, Huanza    Kaulicke 2001:328-329, Figs.7 & 9.
143-5    No provenience     Anton 1995:47     drawing by Christiane Clados
143-6    No provenience     Lumbreras 2000:29 or figure opposite page 28
143-7    Nasca region     Museo Larco, Catálogo en Línea, ML031689 (single spout, strap handle bottle)
143-8    Nasca region     Museo Larco, Catálogo en Línea, ML031840 (double chambered vessel)
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AGENT: 144
Due to various types of headgear (or lack of on sherds) within this agent's imagery, the image includes only the maize teardrops as the key defining attribute. Therefore, this category may divide at a later date with more evidence.
Agent 144-1 is a combination of sherds from Bennett's exacavations at Huari. This agent apparently was quite well known in the Huari heartland.
Agent 144-2 is most likely an Epoch 2 Pachacamac style vessel (Spielvogel 1955:26) due to the shape similarities of a sitting agent with legs stretched straight out. As a complete effigy bottle, there is a bi-colored, turban-like cap and a tunic that displays vertical panels of split-face and step-frets that are most similar to Bergh's (1999:745-753) 'Face/Fret Type 03' tunic style designations, two of which have south coast Ica/Nasca proveniences and date to Epoch 2B.
Agent 144-3 is a complete effigy bottle with round body and single spout. The hat is the bottle's rim with two rows of multicolored interlocking steps and the tunic displays four panels with profile heads of supernatural felines(?) that have curious antennae design elements atop the heads.
Agent 144-4 is an example of a late Epoch 1B Chakipampa style Agent 144 jar with the humped animal depicted on the body. The headdress is the bottle's rim with a couple of horizontal bands. A very similar rim example of just the modeled face was found at Conchopata (144-5).
Agent 144-6 is a round bodied, face-neck bottle that was from "el distrito de El Ingenio, la Provincia de Nazca, en el Departamento de Ica" collected in 1958 and currently housed at Ayacucho's Ministerio de Cultura. The rim indicates a simple headdress of bands similar to Agent 144-4 and 5. The body is badly weathered and displays two panels demarcated by bands of fine line interlocking frets. Each panel displays a profile head of a supernatural avian very similar to Agent 126-1. The following sherd from Huari provides a similar motif: Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 212221.     Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photo.

MAP
Under Construction
REFERENCES:
144-1+    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 212101, 104, 011, 223, 287.     Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photos - includes 5 sherd examples.
144-2    Pachacamac area, Lima     Harcourt 1950: Fig. 128
144-3    No provenience     Raddatz 1973: Fig.18
144-4    No provenience     Lumbreras 2000:20
144-5    Conchopata site, Ayacucho    William Isbell 2002 personal communication [EA 63, Locus 1636, HE 1144, No. 599]
144-6    Ingenio District, de Nasca, Ica     Ministerio de Cultura, Ayacucho MHRA 234 Knobloch 2015 photo
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AGENT: 145
The facial markings of this agent are quite distinctive and consistent. A modular width band (i.e., fillet band) begins at the tip of the nose, then divides into two bands at the forehead. Each of these bands crosses the eyebrow area then takes a right angle down ending on the cheek areas with two triangular elements that point towards the mouth. The two triangles are embedded with contrasting triangular elements. There are other agents that also display facial bands with attached triangular points embedded with triangle elements, such as: 110-1, 132-6 (that occurs on the exterior side of this same sherd), 148-1, 149-1, 151-2... All examples are on face-neck bottles with a rim's headband and no appendages displayed on the round vessel body.
Agents 145-1, 2, 3 display headbands that have an interwinding band that forms an apparent interlocking fret pattern. The front body of the vessel depicts two rectilinear panels demarcated by a band of interlocking step-frets within each is a full bodied, avian motif that face each other. Modeling at the the noses indicates nose plugs. These vessels are so similar as to suggest contemporaneity in manufacture.
Agent 145-4 is similar to the above but poorly made with a chevron headband and a double-headed feline motif that stretches across the front with no panel demarcation.
Agent 145-5 is painted with circular filler elements that are common for Epoch 3/4 Wari styles on the coast, whereas the others date to Epoch 2.
All are provenienced to Pachacamac (based on style) which is very significant in determining an ethnic identity for that area.
MAP
Under Construction
REFERENCES:
145-1    Pachacamac site, Lima     Bennett 1963 [1944]: Plate 39d
145-2    Pachacamac site, Lima     American Museum of Natural History - Pachacamac B-493
145-3    Pachacamac site, Lima     American Museum of Natural History - Pachacamac B-494;     Olson 1931
145-4    Pachacamac site, Lima     American Museum of Natural History - Pachacamac B-488;     Spielvogel 1955: Pl.96, Fig.2
145-5    Pachacamac site, Lima    Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49635     Knobloch 1985 photo
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AGENT: 146
In spite of the hundreds of known four-cornered hats, this particular hat design - a rim band of diamonds (due to weaving constraint they appear as angular circles in 146-1) below fret/fret motifs - is surprisingly rare. All the more so since it is stylistically the most common Wari version of a four-cornered hat as shared by Agent 100-1, 9, 11, Agent 127-1, 3 and Agent 134-2. One possible known example is knotted with no pile, with a rim band that consists of diamond shapes (O’Neale and Kroeber 1930:Plate 26), and is provenienced from the Nievería site of Vista Alegre, therefore possibly dating to Epoch 1B. Another, similar non-pile example is from the Bajo Molle site near Iquique, Chile (Moragas 1995).
For more information on these hats and how to make the Wari version that adds pile threads see: 4-Cornered Pile Hats
Agent 146-1 occurred on an exquisite tapestry tunic as one of four, full-bodied captives: Agents 104-8, 110-3, 147-5. All of which wear tunics. This agent's tunic displays simple profile heads of the same supernatural animal, possibly feline. The main attribute is a facial design of a band that loops around the eye with the rounded ends beginning and ending on the cheek. This green band is filled with curved lozenge-shaped red elements.
MAP
Agent 146
REFERENCES:
146-1    No provenience     Knobloch 2010:207, Fig.17, second captive agent in from top left corner ;    Closeup
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AGENT: 147
This agent was formerly assigned to Agent 104 category. Both share a similar black cowl or cap with a skull or sunface motif over the forehead. Agent 147 however has additional tufts of feathers(?) or row of feathers(?) attached to the top of the black cowl. This distinction is evident on the Captives Tunic that displays both Agents 104-8 and 147-5. Facial attributes usually include a band that loops around the eye, but can vary. Even the 147-1 examples that are obvious copies depict the facial markings with dash elements in the band and two pointed hooks, though copy 3 does not have the hooks.
Agent 147-2 are a matching pair as typifies the theme of duality found with many Wari style vessels. Though not as pronounced a cowl, the hat is black and the forehead motif may represent an abstraction of the sunhead and rays. The faces have the curved band that loops around the eye extending into a curl on the cheek. Agent 147-3 is a very similar jar (as though made from a mold) with the same headdress though the eye design ends on the cheeks with two triangles pointing downward. This example may represent a separate category when more information becomes available.
Agent 147-4 occurs on an exquisitely carved wood container (Bergh 2012:Fig. 233) as profile heads (possibly ritually decapitated) that flank a feline headed deity. Without painted details, the carving only depicts the two tufts atop the headdress.
On the Captives Tunic Agent 147-5 is a full-bodied captive that wears a necklace that was most likely made of rectangular spondylus shell beads with drilled holes for sewing together. The tunic has a central vertical band of multi-colored geometric patterns flanked by plain red vertical bands. Agent 147-5’s tunic design may represent Susan Bergh’s (1999:794-823) “Profile Creature” pattern, types 3 and 4, the “Profile Bird Heads” pattern (Bergh 1999:896-901) or the “Stepped Cross” pattern (Bergh 1999:902-908). Such tunics have vertical panels in various plain colors – brown, gold, orange, red – that alternate with vertical panels of multi-colored geometric patterns. The geometric patterns display a stepped-cross motif (i.e., a ‘plus sign’ shaped center surrounded by diagonal stepped-bands) within alternating quadrants of two background colors.
Agent 147-6 is the effigy bottle half of a double-chambered strap-handle bottle. The other half is a round bodied bottle displaying a profile "mythical eagle head" (Menzel 1964:ftnt.371) that typifies the Pachacamac style. The agent has a black cap with a white band of white points crossing from ear to ear. At the back of the cap is a small modelled head with a simple smiling face and three tufts that together appear to represent a sunface motif. The black tunic has white circles and the arms and legs have black on white geometric elements that may represent tattoos. Remarkable this agent is blowing on a foxhead whistle similar to Agent 107-3.*
Agent 147-7 is an inlay figure into whale bone that was carved into the shape of a human hand. This agent is a captive with hands tied and grimace; wears a black cap with a nicely detailed tri-part motif of tufts that were engraved to appear as rays eminating from the center area thereby suggestive of a sunface motif. The eye is encircled with a black band of blue dots. The tunic has two vertical black bands filled with gold dots. The inlay workmanship is outstanding.
Agent 147-8 is a bodiless, full-faced image flanked by images of Agent 123-2 on a tapestry pouch. Above the forehead, the black on white smiling face is similar to Agent 147-6.
Agent 147-9 is another exquisitely inlayed image with exacting detail like Agent 147-7. Such pieces dedicated to Agent 147 indicates the high status of this Wari inidividual. On this artifact, the agent is a warrior or hunter holding up a dangling bola of two balls in one hand and axe in the other. The black cap displays two tufts extending from the corners and a two-eyed motif with one tuft above the forehead. The face is designed quite differently from other examples and therefore may indicate a different agent category. It has vertical bands of zigzags and angles in contrasting colors. Around the neck is an axe shaped pectoral. There is not tunic; he wears a leg-wrapped loin cloth with elaborat belt embedded with triangles filled with dots. The most curious attribute of this example is a wing motif attached to the agent's back.

*Morell, Virginia - Empires across the Andes National Geographic June,2002:106-119 - See Kenneth Garrett's photo, p.107, of fox-head whistle found at Conchopata.
MAP
Agent 147
REFERENCES:
147-1 (copy 1)    No provenience     Anton 1962:Fig.107
147-1 (copy 2)    No provenience     Flagel 1929:Planche I ;    Kelemen 1946:Pl.164a
147-1 (copy 3)    No provenience     Museo Regional de Ica "Adolfo Bermudez Jenkins", MRI-00178-01;   Zuidema 1972:Fig.2,3 ;    Salazar Bondy 1964:32 (back only) ;    Lumbreras 1990:204;     Larco Hoyle 1966:Fig.106;     Knobloch 2010:206, Fig.15
147-2 (copy 1)    Pachacamac site     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49647     Knobloch 1985 photo (sitting effigy jar) ;   Disselhoff 1967:Tafel 35
147-2 (copy 2)    Pachacamac site     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 19088     Knobloch 1985 photo (sitting effigy jar)
147-3    Pachacamac site     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49645     Knobloch 1985 photo (sitting effigy jar) ;    Schmidt 1929:Tafell III, rt.
147-4    No provenience     Cleveland Museum of Art, John L. Severance Fund 2007.193.a-b;    Bergh 2012:242-243, Fig.233 (p.243, right)
147-5    No provenience     Private collection;    Knobloch 2010:207, Fig.17, second captive agent in from bottom right corner ;    Closeup
147-6    Pachacamac site     Ethnologisches Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, V A 49699     Knobloch 1985 photo (double chamber bottle) ;    Schmidt 1929:Abb.271 ;    Willey 1949:Pl.32b ;    Knobloch 2012:Fig.123
147-7    Paramonga region     Schindler 2000:147, Fig - N.M. 301
147-8    No provenience     Textile Museum (1959.10.1);    Bird 1965:Fig.24    Lapiner 1976:Fig.553.
147-9    No provenience     Anton 1962:Fig.118a
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AGENT: 148
This category represents only partial identity but creates a category for a specific element of facial design. The eye appears to be encircled by a ray with attached angular points each embedded with triangle elements that point towards the ear. Agent 148-1 is on the interior of an ofrenda sherd and displays a fancy headgear of a round white cap above a headband of diamond shapes with embedded dots and a broad chin band of alternating squares; also a white earspool. There are other agents that also display facial bands with attached triangular points embedded with triangle elements, such as: 110-1, 132-6 (that occurs on the exterior side of this same sherd), all Agents 145, 149-1, 151-2...
MAP
Agent 148
REFERENCES:
148-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho Laboratorio de Arqueología, Universidad Nacional de San Cristóbal de Huamanga     William H. Isbell 1999 photo
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AGENT: 149
This category represents an identity created by a specific element of facial design. Each eye appears to be encircled by a segmented ray of dash marks that ends as a curve on the cheek with attached angular points each embedded with triangle elements all of which point along the jaw. These rays are in contrasting colors. Agent 149-1 is an exquisitely modeled figure of a captive agent - hands tied behind the back - wearing a leg wrapped loincloth and waistlength tie-dyed tunic, earspools, a headband of diamond shapes and braided hair. Though the figure alone is amazing, the entire vessel is remarkable because the agent's headdress is an actual bowl in the Wari 'geometric style' displaying three panels of abstract Pachacamac style griffins.
There are other agents that also display facial bands with attached triangular points embedded with triangle elements, such as: 110-1, 132-6 (that occurs on the exterior side of this same sherd), all Agents 145, 148-1, 151-2...
MAP
Agent 149
REFERENCES:
149-1    Sausal site, Chicama     Donnan 1968:Plate XII, Fig.1a and Fig. 6a, b, c
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AGENT: 150
Agent 150-1 is depicted as a captive on a Conchopata style urn like those found by Julio Tello in 1942. It is similar to Agent 140-1 but, in this case, is held at the top of the head by a beltless Staff God. Agent 150-1 illustrates a partial urn reconstruction on which beltless Staff Gods alternate with Profile Deities. This narrative of supernatural relationships does not represent a 'central deity theme' as carved into Tiwanaku's Gateway of the Sun. Agent 150 wears a cap with pelt-like elements, perhaps jaguar, and feathers appended to the back by a red and yellow medallion. His belt is patterned with three squares, each divided into two triangles of alternating grey and red colors. He wears a purple leg-wrapped loincloth with white hem. His accessories include earspools, grey necklace and anklets. On the side of the face is a gray band that begins on the forehead and continues with a center white line below the eye into a step angled band. Considering the captive status of this agent, the details are not random but were meant to distinguish the identity from all other captives depicted by the Conchopata artesans.
Agent 150's cap of pelt-like, C's and dots, is similar to Agent 124's cap though other details (feathers, folded bun, band) determine their separate identities. One or both may have an ethnic identity symbolized by the jaguar pelt tocapu painted on the interior of Epoch 2 Wari style bowls (Huamanga or also known as less fancy Viñaque styles).
MAP
Agent 150
REFERENCES:
150-1    Conchopata site, Ayacucho Laboratorio de Arqueología, Universidad Nacional de San Cristóbal de Huamanga William Isbell 1999 photos
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AGENT: 151
This agent wears a very distinctive headband and occurs on three oversize, face-neck jars from three distant sites. The headband is black with white criss- crossing lines that create a row of diamond shape spaces. Each of these spaces is filled with a red + design element, outlined in white with a white + design element in the center. In the triangular spaces outside the diamond spaces, each is filled with a yellow donut-shaped design element. Because Agent 151-1 is represented by a sherd, only a small section of a diamond space occurs that had been above a black side-burn and does not show the donut-shaped element.
Agent 151-2 is the most complete image of the agent's facial features. These features include a white earspool and tearband that covers the cheek with a black outlined, red band that has three triangular points each embedded with triangle elements all of which point towards the nose.
There are other agents that also display facial bands with attached triangular points embedded with triangle elements, such as: 110-1, 132-6 (that occurs on the exterior side of this same sherd), all Agents 145, 148-1, 149-1...
Agent 151-2 also displays an area of the vessel's body (with additional sherds) indicating a typical Wari style pattern of two panels outlined with a wide band of various design elements. Here those elements are recurved-S bands in alternating colors. The panels can be filled with elaborate motifs of animals such as jaguars or creatures such as the humped back animal. The latter is most likely for Agent 151.
Agent 151-3 helps to confirm the choice of humped back animals that faced each other in the panels. Sherds only show a part of the headband, earspool and black hair braids down the back.
The locations of these agents suggest a route of contact from the Huari capital to southern Wari sites that may have enhanced Jincamocco elites with important managerial roles.
The humped back animal that was most likely displayed on the above agents' vessel bodies is best represented by the Atarco style face-neck jar housed at the Denver Art Museum
MAP
Under Construction
REFERENCES:
151-1    Huari site, Ayacucho     Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology YPM ANT 211689;   Knobloch, Isbell, Fullen, Zegarra 2013 photo
151-2    Jincamocco site, Cabana     photos by Katharina J. Schreiber 1977
151-3    Quilcapampa site, south coast     photo by Johny A. Isla 2015
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AGENT: 152
Represented by sherds from the rimhead area of oversize face-neck jars in the Viñaque style of Epoch 2A. There are no apparent designs on the face that displays the typical, black dot pupil and wide-eyed expression borrowed from the Robles Moqo style. This agent's identity is displayed in the wide headband located below a short plain rim.
Agent 152-1 is more complete with a white-outlined, black tadpole-shaped motif flanked at the tail by black-outlined triangular elements. The body of the shape has a face of two red pupilled, round yellow eyes and rectangular mouth of white lines that probably represent teeth.
Agent 152-2 completes the rim shape though only has a partial eye and the tadpole motifs are arranged in the opposite direction.
MAP
Under Construction
REFERENCES:
152-1    Jincamocco site, Cabana     photos by Katharina J. Schreiber 1977
152-2    Quilcapampa site, south coast     photo by Johny A. Isla 2015
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AGENT: 153
This agent is represented by an oversize face-neck jar in the Viñaque style of Epoch 2A. Schreiber (1992:242-246) describes the remains as 241 fragments initially created by a frontal blow and then repeatedly smashed, most likely due to acts of vengeance as Wari tyranny came to an end and the site was abandoned. The fragmented condition of all the sherds from Wendell Bennett's (1952) 15 excavation units at Huari also echoes Schreiber's interpretation of a "destruction of the symbols of Wari power" (IBID:246) as the people of the Late Intermediate Period inherited what remained.
The face is undecorated so the distinguishing feature is Agent 153-1's headband. Unlike most Viñaque style face-neck jars that display geometric motifs in the headband, this example displays a repeated mammal. Since the body displays humped back animals with N-canines that represent felines, the mammal motifs may also be felines but the mouth areas are missing and Schreiber suggests a vizcacha or domesticated dog. The figure is a simple, unsegmented form of a rectangular body with curved tail, front and back legs and head with a curved ear completely outlined in one black line. The feet have claws as three straight, black points. Thus, too simplistic to accurately discern its animal identity.
On the upper front area of the vessel body a rectangular design field was defined by a black outlined, white fillet band and segmented into two panels with humped back animal motifs that flank a central, vertical band of three step fret tocapus (though Schreiber's (IBID:Fig.7.21) figure only shows two perhaps there are other sherds to indicate a third).
In the reconstruction below, the sherds that displayed the humped back animal motifs of Agent 153-1 presented an interesting challenge. The outer fillet bands that outline the central, orange fillet band of this type of motif's body follow an artistic canon of alternating colors. The outer fillet band that crosses over the head, body and tail must be the same color as the outer fillet band between the two back legs and, when space allows, the outer fillet band between the two front legs. The alternating color is used on the other outer fillet bands: one follows the underside of the tail and back of the motif; a second follows from the underbelly along the inner two legs; and, a third - if space is provided - is between the front leg and chin. Given this canon, it became impossible to construct only two humped back animal motifs and eventually concluded with four. Either each panel had two motifs that faced inward or there was another vessel. For the former, the vessel would have to have been 10 to 20 centimeters taller than previously determined. The two sherds that display a back leg also present a rather unique, extra corner prior to the attachment of the tail section.
For examples refer to Atarco style canteen at the Brooklyn Museum, NY (41.42)(Knobloch 2012:126, Fig.6), Viñaque style bowl at Emory University's Michael C. Carlos Museum (1991.2.222) (digitalgallery.emory.edu), and Denver Art Museum (Menzel 1968:PlXXXI, Fig. 17).
MAP
Under Construction
REFERENCES:
153-1    Jincamocco site, Cabana     photos by Katharina J. Schreiber 1977
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AGENT: 154
This agent is most likely associated with the Chachapoya culture due to the disc around the neck of Agent 154-1, a carved stone figurine (jade colored). This figurine should not be associated with those found at Pikillacta. Its pose is somewhat similar with arms at the sides, no weapons, a long tunic and has a small incision that separates the footpads at the figurine's base, but its size is 3 times taller. Unfortunately, the headdress was broken off.
Agent 154-1's pectoral disc is identical to the silver disc discovered at Cutervo (April-May, 2017). Similar discs have been found at Pomacanchi (near Cuzco) (Chávez 1985:7, figure 31), Espíritu Pampa (Isbell 2016:Fig. 27A) (see Agent 103 above) and in the Chachapoya region (Isbell 2016:Fig. 27B) about 100 km northeast of Cutervo. The curving serpentine lines and circular filler elements are similar to the Chachapoya ceramic style (Koschmieder 2012: figures 99, 100). Thus, Knobloch (2012:115, ftnt.16) presents this stylistic and locational evidence to support Agent 154's identity as ethnically Chachapoya. This agent most likely represented another powerful culture that either threatened, competed and/or traded with the Wari along its selva borders.
Agent 154-2 is a small, carved wood container probably used to store lime for coca chewing or other medicinal/hallucinogenic substance. This seated figure wears a circular pectoral, holds an axe in one hand and a round shield in the other. The headdress is a skull fitting cap with two rows of segmented squares. Besides the pectoral its similarities to Agent 154-1 are the large earspools and long tunic as well as the thin, double incised lines that outline the eyes. Though located a substantial distance from any selva or Chachapoya contact, Milosz Giersz's (Giersz and Pardo 2014) team has shown the site of Castillo de Huarmey to be a major source of archaeological evidence supporting Wari's empirical development. Thus, long distant connections would not be surprising.
Agent 154-3 is an exquisite enlayed image on a necklace piece as the captor of captive Agent 104-4. The only attribute that relates to this category is the circular pectoral of 4 concentric circles, long tunic and earspool. Therefore, this agent may eventually be reassigned. The agent may be holding a mirror in one hand and in the other grasps the end of the rope attached to Agent 104-4's neck.
MAP
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
154-1    No provenience     Museo Larco Catálogo en Línea, ML301403 (stone figurine)
154-2    Castillo de Huarmey site     Giersz and Pardo 2014:185, Fig. 146
154-3    No provenience     Clados (accessed 2016):Tocapu.org PicID000567 (as captor of Agent 104-4)     Stuhr 2008: Fig. 63







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AGENT: 300
Bergh (2013:233, ftnt.6) observed this pair in the Cuzco set.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
300-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V A
Ht.(cm) = 3.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
300-2     Valcárcel 1933:Lám.I-V E
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
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AGENT: 301
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
301-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V B
Ht.(cm) = 3.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
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AGENT: 302
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
302-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V C
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
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AGENT: 303
Ramos and Blasco observed this triplet with 303-1 in Cuzco set and 303-2 and 303-3 in the Madrid set. (Bergh 2013:233)
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
303-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V D; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224a, right
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
303-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:106-107, Lám. XIIb [Núm. 34]; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224a, left
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8839.
303-3     Ramos/Blasco 1977:101-102, Lám. IXh [Núm. 16]
Ht.(cm) = 2.6
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8850.
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AGENT: 304
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
304-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V F
Ht.(cm) = 2.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
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AGENT: 305
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
305-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V G
Ht.(cm) = 2.9
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
305-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:101, Lám. IXf [Núm. 14]
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8856.
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AGENT: 306
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
306-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V H
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
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AGENT: 307
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
307-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V I
Ht.(cm) = 3.6
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
307-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:105, Lám. XId [Núm. 28]
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8848.
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AGENT: 308
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
308-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V J
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
308-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:102, Lám. Xa [Núm. 17]
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8838.
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AGENT: 309
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
309-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V K
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
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AGENT: 310
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
310-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V L; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224f, right
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
310-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:105-106, Lám. XIf [Núm. 30] ; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224f, left
Ht.(cm) = 2.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8840.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 311
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
311-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V LL
Ht.(cm) = 3.3
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
311-2     Bergh 2012: Fig. 228
Ht.(cm) = 3.5
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Denver Art Museum 1994.45.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 312
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
312-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V M; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224b, right
Ht.(cm) = 4.1
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
312-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:97, Lám. VIIIc [Núm. 3]; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224b, left
Ht.(cm) = 4.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8826.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 313
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
313-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V N
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
313-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:99-100, Lám. IXa [Núm. 9]
Ht.(cm) = 3.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8859.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 314
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
314-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V O; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224g, right
Ht.(cm) = 2.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
314-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:100, Lám. IXb [Núm. 10]; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224g, left
Ht.(cm) = 3.3
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8833.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 315

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
315-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V O1
Ht.(cm) = 4.3
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
315-2     Valcárcel 1933:Lám X, ll
Ht.(cm) = 3.5
Provenience: Ica.
Current Location: Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú (Lima).
315-3     McEwan 2004
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: Chokepukio.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 316
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
316-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V P
Ht.(cm) = 3.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
316-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:98, Lám. VIIId [Núm. 4]
Ht.(cm) = 4.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8831.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 317
Ramos and Blasco observed this quartet with a pair from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
317-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V Q
Ht.(cm) = 4.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
317-2     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V d
Ht.(cm) = 3.1
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
317-3     Ramos/Blasco 1977:99, Lám. VIIIh [Núm. 8]
Ht.(cm) = 3.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8827.
317-4     Ramos/Blasco 1977:101, Lám. IXg [Núm. 15]
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8841.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 318
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
318-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V R; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224c, right
Ht.(cm) = 4.3
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
318-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:98-99, Lám. VIIIf [Núm. 6]; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224c, left
Ht.(cm) = 4.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8858.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 319
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
319-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V S
Ht.(cm) = 3.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
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AGENT: 320
Ramos and Blasco observed a pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid . Knobloch adds 320-2 from the Cuzco to create a new triplet. This contrasts with Bergh's (2013:Fig. 224d) observation that 320-2 is "unique to the Cuzco …". A fourth example without provenience is 320-4. From Uhle's 1912 excavation at Chunchurí site in Calama, Chile, a similar figure is carved on a snuff tube depicting the agent playing pan pipe while holding an axe in one hand (Durán et al. 2000:42, fig. 72 No. 1999.1.209). The headdress appears to have multiple wrappings with a flap extending atop the back of the turban.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
320-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V T
Ht.(cm) = 3.6
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
320-2     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V h; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224d
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
320-3     Ramos/Blasco 1977:107, Lám. XIId [Núm. 36]
Ht.(cm) = 2.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8852.
320-4     n/a
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino (Santiago) 3351.
320-5     Durán, Eliana S., María Fernanda Kangiser G. y Nieves Acevedo C. 2000:p. 42, Fig. 72 No. 1999.1.209
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: Chunchurí, Calama, Chile
Current Location: Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile.
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AGENT: 321
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
321-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V U
Ht.(cm) = 3.3
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
321-2     Larco 1966: Fig.123f
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 322
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
322-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V V
Ht.(cm) = 3.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
322-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:98, Lám. VIIIe [Núm. 5]
Ht.(cm) = 4.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8861.
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AGENT: 323
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
323-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V W; Bergh 2013:234, Fig. 224e
Ht.(cm) = 2.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 324
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
324-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V X
Ht.(cm) = 2.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 325
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
325-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V Y
Ht.(cm) = 2.6
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 326
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
326-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V Z
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
326-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:102, Lám. Xb [Núm. 18]
Ht.(cm) = 3.1
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8845.
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AGENT: 327
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid . The agent's hat was topped with a small cylinder shape. A similar hat occurs on two agent images carved on a snuff tablet from Uhle's 1912 excavation at Chunchurí site, Calama, Chile (Durán et al. 2000:42, fig. 70 No. 1999.1.177). The published location of this site is incorrect and more likely 22°30' S 68°56' W.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
327-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V a
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
327-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:107, Lám. XIIc [Núm. 35]
Ht.(cm) = 2.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8851.
327-3     Durán, Eliana S., María Fernanda Kangiser G. y Nieves Acevedo C. 2000:p. 42, Fig. 70 No. 1999.1.177
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: Chunchurí, Calama, Chile
Current Location: Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 328
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
328-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V b
Ht.(cm) = 2.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
328-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:104, Lám. XIb [Núm. 26]
Ht.(cm) = 2.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8863.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 329
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
329-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V c
Ht.(cm) = 2.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 330
330-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V i
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 331
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
331-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V ch
Ht.(cm) = 2.3
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 332
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
332-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V e
Ht.(cm) = 2.9
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 333
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
333-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V f
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
333-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:101, Lám. IXe [Núm. 13]
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8836.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 334
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
334-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V g
Ht.(cm) = 3.1
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 335
Ramos and Blasco observed this pair with one from each the Cuzco and Madrid .
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
335-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V j
Ht.(cm) = 3.1
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
335-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:108, Lám. XIIg [Núm. 39]
Ht.(cm) = 2.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8853.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 336
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
336-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. I-V k
Ht.(cm) = 2.6
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo Inka (Cusco).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 337
No duplicates in the Cuzco and Madrid sets.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
337-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lám. X, l
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: Chullpaka, Ica.
Current Location: Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú (Lima).
337-2     Banco de Crédito del Perú 1984:172, Lám. f
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
337-3     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.26, Item 13
Ht.(cm) = 2.9
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
337-4     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.28, Item 31
Ht.(cm) = 2.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
337-5     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.28, Item 23
Ht.(cm) = 2.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
337-6     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.28, Item 17
Ht.(cm) = 2.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
337-7     not published; Bat-ami Artzi personal communication, 2015
Ht.(cm) = 2.6
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Staatliche Museen zu Berlin: Preußischer Kulturbesitz. Search for: V A 1247
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 338
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
338-1     Valcárcel 1933:Lam. X, m
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: Chullpaka, Ica.
Current Location: Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú (Lima).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 339
The unknown agent image of a lost example from the Madrid set. Agent 338 is a holding spot in case the figurine is ever found.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
339-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:68; McEwan 1984:63-65
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) - Lost .
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 340
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
340-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:105, Lám. Xc [Núm. 27]
Ht.(cm) = 2.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8828.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 341
No duplicates in the Cuzco and Madrid sets.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
341-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:103, Lám. Xe [Núm. 21]
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8829.
341-2     Banco de Crédito del Perú 1984:172, Lám. B
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
341-3     Jones 1964:Fig.27
Ht.(cm) = 3.8
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, Univ. of East Anglia ( Norwich) [search Cultural Group for 'huari style'].
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 342
No duplicates in the Cuzco and Madrid sets.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
342-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:106, Lám. XIg [Núm. 31]
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8830.
342-2     Jones 1964:Fig.29; Bergh 2012:Fig.231
Ht.(cm) = 4.1
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Milwaukee Public Museum, 34596/9672, 34597/9672.
342-3     not published; Bat-ami Artzi personal communication, 2015
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Staatliche Museen zu Berlin: Preußischer Kulturbesitz. Search for: V A 1251
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 343
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
343-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:97, Lám. VIIIb [Núm. 2]
Ht.(cm) = 4.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8832.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 344
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
344-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:99, Lám. VIIIg [Núm. 7]
Ht.(cm) = 3.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8834.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 345
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
345-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:100, Lám. IXc [Núm. 11]
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8835.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 346
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
346-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:108, Lám. XIIf [Núm. 38]
Ht.(cm) = 2.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8837.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 347
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
347-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:103, Lám. Xd [Núm. 20]
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8842.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 348
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
348-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:103, Lám. Xf [Núm. 22]
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8843.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 349
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
349-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:104, Lám. Xh [Núm. 24]
Ht.(cm) = 2.9
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8844.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 350
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
350-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:106, Lám. XIh [Núm. 32]
Ht.(cm) = 2.6
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8846.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 351
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
351-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:104, Lám. XIa [Núm. 25]
Ht.(cm) = 2.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8847.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 352
Knobloch observed this pair within the Madrid set.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
352-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:106, Lám. XIIg [Núm. 33]
Ht.(cm) = 2.6
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8849.
352-2     Ramos/Blasco 1977:105, Lám. XIe [Núm. 29]
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8855.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 353
No duplicates in the Cuzco and Madrid sets.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
353-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:107, Lám. XIIe [Núm. 37]
Ht.(cm) = 2.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8854.
353-2     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.31, Item 09
Ht.(cm) = 4.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
353-3     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.31, Item 49
Ht.(cm) = 4.1
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 354
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
354-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:100, Lám. IXd [Núm. 12]
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8857.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 355
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
355-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:103-104, Lám. Xg [Núm. 23]
Ht.(cm) = 2.9
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8860.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 356
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
356-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:97, Lám. VIIIc [Núm. 1]
Ht.(cm) = 5.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8862.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 357
No duplicates in the Cuzco and Madrid sets.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
357-1     Ramos/Blasco 1977:102-103, Lám. Xc [Núm. 19]
Ht.(cm) = 2.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: Museo de América (Madrid) 8864.
357-2     Jones 1964:Fig. 30 (now owned by the MET)
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York City) 1979.206.926.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 358
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
358-1     Glowacki 2005:259, Fig.2
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: Huaro.
Current Location: not known.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 359
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
359-1     Bird 1962
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: American Museum of Natural History (New York City).
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 360
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
360-1     Gift of the Ernest Erickson Foundation, Inc.
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Brooklyn Museum of Art (New York City) 86.224.29.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 361
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
361-1     Gift of the Ernest Erickson Foundation, Inc.
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Brooklyn Museum of Art (New York City) 86.224.106.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 362
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
362-1     not published
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino (Santiago) 3349.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 363
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
363-1     not published
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino (Santiago) 3350.
BACK TO TOP
AGENT: 364
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
364-1     not published; Bergh and Clark personal communications, 2012
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Denver Art Museum 1992.502.1
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AGENT: 365

MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
365-1     Bergh 2012: Fig.227
Ht.(cm) = 4.7
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Denver Art Museum 1992.502.3.
365-2     Schindler 2000:154, N.M.331
Ht.(cm) = 4.0
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde (München) 331 (upper left ).
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AGENT: 366
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
366-1     Bergh 2012: Fig.230
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Denver Art Museum 1995.39.1.
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AGENT: 367
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
367-1     not published; Clark personal communication, 2012
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Denver Art Museum 1995.39.2
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AGENT: 368
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
368-1     not published; Bergh and Clark personal communications, 2012
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Denver Art Museum 1995.125
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AGENT: 369
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
369-1     not published; Bergh and Clark personal communications, 2012
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Denver Art Museum 1995.131
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AGENT: 370

MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
370-1     not published; Clark personal communication, 2012
Ht.(cm) = 4.1
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Denver Art Museum 1997.14
370-2     not published; Bergh personal communication, 2012
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
370-3     Jones 1964:Fig. 28
Ht.(cm) = 3.7
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York City) 1979.206.417.
370-4     Schindler 2000:155, N.M.333
Ht.(cm) = 4.5
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde (München) 333.
370-5     Watanabe 2001: Fig.16
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Cajamarca.
Current Location: Private Collections.
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AGENT: 371
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
371-1     Bergh 2012:Fig.229
Ht.(cm) = 4.0
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Denver Art Museum 1997.15.
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AGENT: 372
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
372-1     not published
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Field Museum (Chicago) 2333.
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AGENT: 373
"Currently, no duplications.This carved stone (turquoise?) figurine is unique for its exact provenience, Waka site on the W.M. Jaime farm near the city of Ayacucho, Peru, and for its exquisitely detailed rendition of Wari dress. The iconography displayed around the hem band is the double-rayed or S-ray motif and the rectilinear design with one zigzag edge and interior dots that both occur on Epoch 2 Viñaque style pottery from the Huari area. The individual appears with long hair under a simple cap. The clothing is an elaborate layering of textiles with perhaps the frontal edge of a loin cloth extended below the tunic and a tied cape."
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
373-1     Knobloch 2002
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: Waka site, W.M. Jaime farm, Ayacucho, Peru.
Current Location: Field Museum (Chicago) 2356.
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AGENT: 374
"Currently, no duplications. This carved stone (turquoise?) figurine is unique for its exact provenience from the Waka site on the W.M. Jaime farm near the city of Ayacucho, Peru"
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
374-1     Knobloch 2002
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: Waka site, W.M. Jaime farm, Ayacucho, Peru.
Current Location: Field Museum (Chicago) 2357a.     Field Museum (Chicago) 2357b.
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AGENT: 375

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
375-1     not published
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Field Museum (Chicago) 2360.
375-2     Larco 1966: Fig.123b
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
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AGENT: 376
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
376-1     Larco 1966: Fig.123a; Banco de Crédito del Perú 1984:172, Lám. D
Ht.(cm) = 5.0
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
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AGENT: 377
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
377-1     Larco 1966: Fig.123c
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
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AGENT: 378
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
378-1     Larco 1966: Fig.123d
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
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AGENT: 379
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
379-1     Larco 1966: Fig.123g; Banco de Crédito del Perú 1984:172, Lám. E
Ht.(cm) = 5.0
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
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AGENT: 380
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
380-1     not published; Bergh personal communication, 2012
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
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AGENT: 381
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
381-1     not published; Bergh personal communication, 2012
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Larco (Lima).
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AGENT: 382
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
382-1     Schindler 2000:154, N.M.332
Ht.(cm) = 4.5
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde (München) #332.
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AGENT: 383
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
383-1     Schindler 2000:154, N.M.334
Ht.(cm) = 2.0
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde (München) #334.
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AGENT: 384
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
384-1     Photo by PJK
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Histórico Regional "Hipólito Unanue" (Ayacucho).
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AGENT: 385
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
385-1     Photo by PJK
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museo Histórico Regional "Hipólito Unanue" (Ayacucho).
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AGENT: 386
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
386-1     Gift of J. Lionberger Davis. Amy Clark personal communication, 2012
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: St.Louis Art Museum 167:1954.
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AGENT: 387
Advertisement: Peru, Huari, c. 600-800 AD. A wonderful heavy pendant carved in sodalite (very much resembling that of lapis lazuli). This detailed carving depicts a "curaca" or local tribal chief. Figure stands upright with wide body and face; his short arms down at his side. Pierced completely through the head, ear to ear. Similar to lot 80 in our September 2006 auction that brought $1700. Choice EF. Studio City, CA Collector. H: 1.75". Jun 22, 2008
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
387-1     liveauctioneers.com
Ht.(cm) = 4.2
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Private Collections.
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AGENT: 388
Currently, no duplications. Advertisement: Peru, Huari, c. 600 – 800 AD. A wonderful heavy pendant carved in sodalite. This detailed carving depicts “curaca” or local tribal chief with striking presence. H: 1.75”. This is one of the nicest Huari pendants we’ve handled and is a rare find. Oct 15, 2006
MAP not available
IMAGE
REFERENCES:
388-1     liveauctioneers.com
Ht.(cm) = 4.2
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Private Collections.
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AGENT: 389
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
389-1     Jones 1964:Fig. 26
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Private Collections.
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AGENT: 390
Currently, no duplications. Watanabe (2001:535): "Según el collecionista, ésta y el espécimen de la Fig. 16, fueron encontrados entre más de 10 figurillas."
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
390-1     Watanabe 2001: Fig.15
Ht.(cm) = 2.5
Provenience: Cajamarca.
Current Location: Private Collections.
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AGENT: 391
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
391-1     Bergh personal communication, 2012
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Museum zu Allerheiligen Schaffhausen (Switzerland).
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AGENT: 392
Blue-green stone from plowed field where a fine Cajamarca cursive bowl and derived Wari style ceramics were found.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
392-1     Lau 2012:Fig.3
Ht.(cm) = 2.2
Provenience: Carhuaz, Callejón de Huaylas
Current Location: Felipe Díaz collection, Carhuaz
392-2     not published.
Ht.(cm) = n/a
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 393

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
393-1     Gift of J. Lionberger Davis, Class of 1900
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Princeton University Art Museum.
393-2     Ravines 1970:502
Ht.(cm) = 1.5
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Private Collections.
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AGENT: 394

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
394-1     not published; Bergh and Clark personal communications, 2012
Ht.(cm) = 3.7
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Denver Art Museum 1992.502.2
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AGENT: 395

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
395-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.27, Item 15
Ht.(cm) = 2.1
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
395-2     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.27, Item 16
Ht.(cm) = 2.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 396

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
396-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.27, Item 43
Ht.(cm) = 2.1
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
396-2     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.27, Item 52
Ht.(cm) = 2.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 397

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
397-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.28, Item 04
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
397-2     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.28, Item 45
Ht.(cm) = 2.9
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 398

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
398-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.28, Item 03
Ht.(cm) = 2.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
398-2     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.30, Item 40
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
398-3     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.30, Item 26
Ht.(cm) = 2.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
398-4     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.30, Item 34
Ht.(cm) = 2.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 399

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
399-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.30, Item 12
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
399-2     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.30, Item 33
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
399-3     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.30, Item 41
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
399-4     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.30, Item 36
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 400

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
400-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.29, Item 02
Ht.(cm) = 3.6
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
400-2     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.29, Item 46
Ht.(cm) = 3.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
400-3     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.29, Item 24
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 401
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
401-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.29, Item 19
Ht.(cm) = 2.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 402

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
402-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.31, Item 29
Ht.(cm) = 3.6
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
402-2     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.31, Item 39
Ht.(cm) = 4.6
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 403
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
403-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.31, Item 30
Ht.(cm) = 3.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 404
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
404-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.31, Item 07
Ht.(cm) = 4.1
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 405
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
405-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.31, Item 37
Ht.(cm) = 4.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 406
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
406-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.31, Item 48
Ht.(cm) = 3.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 407
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
407-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.32, Item 06
Ht.(cm) = 4.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 408
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
408-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.32, Item 20
Ht.(cm) = 4.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 409
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
409-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.32, Item 08
Ht.(cm) = 3.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 410
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
410-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.32, Item 51
Ht.(cm) = 4.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 411
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
411-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.32, Item 50
Ht.(cm) = 3.7
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 412
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
412-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.32, Item 32
Ht.(cm) = 4.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 413
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
413-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.32, Item 42
Ht.(cm) = 3.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 414
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
414-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.32, Item 21/22
Ht.(cm) = 3.4
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 415

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
415-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.26, Item 01; Bergh 2012: Fig. 225d
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
415-2     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.26, Item 11
Ht.(cm) = 3.3
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
415-3     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.26, Item 14
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
415-4     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.26, Item 28
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
415-5     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.26, Item 10
Ht.(cm) = 3.5
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
415-6     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig. 27, Item 35
Ht.(cm) = 3.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
415-7     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.27, Item 44
Ht.(cm) = 2.9
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 416

MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
416-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.27, Item 27
Ht.(cm) = 2.2
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
416-2     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.27, Item 18
Ht.(cm) = 3.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
416-3     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.27, Item 25
Ht.(cm) = 2.8
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 417
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
417-1     Arriola and Tesar 2011: Fig.29, Item 38
Ht.(cm) = 4.0
Provenience: Pikillacta.
Current Location: not known.
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AGENT: 418
Currently, no duplications. Acquired from Mr. Sutorius in 1954 who brought it to Germany very early in the 20th century. He was living in Lima as a business man from the end of the 19th century until 1914. He had to return to Germany because of World War I and never returned to Peru. He gave the collection to the Linden-Museum and kept some objects for himself until he died. Personal communication from Dr. Doris Kurella, Linden-Museum Stuttgart 3/2015.
MAP not available
REFERENCES:
418-1     not published; Bergh personal communication, 2012. Permission renewal 6/4/18.
Ht.(cm) = 6.0
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Linden-Museum (Stuttgart).
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AGENT: 419
Currently, no duplications.
MAP not available
NO IMAGE
REFERENCES:
419-1     not published; Bat-ami Artzi personal communication, 2015
Ht.(cm) = 2.9
Provenience: not known.
Current Location: Staatliche Museen zu Berlin: Preußischer Kulturbesitz. Search for: V A 37936
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Created by: Dr. Patricia J. Knobloch    
Last Updated:     July 3, 2017
Copyright © 2002 Patricia Jean Knobloch, 9229 Dillon Drive, La Mesa, CA 91941